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Balance sheet effects and the choice of exchange rate regime in developing countries


  • Michael Bleaney
  • Manuela Francisco


We investigate the choice of regime amongst hard pegs, soft pegs, managed floats and independent floats for a panel of developing countries. There is evidence of a matched ordering of regimes and country characteristics. We find some evidence for the 'balance sheet' hypothesis that foreign liabilities in the banking system and foreign debt are associated with less exchange rate flexibility, particularly when a 'de facto' regime classification is used. Easily the best predictor of a country's current regime is its regime in the previous year.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Bleaney & Manuela Francisco, 2008. "Balance sheet effects and the choice of exchange rate regime in developing countries," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(2), pages 297-310.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:17:y:2008:i:2:p:297-310 DOI: 10.1080/09638190701872822

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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Bleaney & Mo Tian & Lin Yin, 2016. "Global Trends in the Choice of Exchange Rate Regime," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 71-85, February.
    2. Michael Bleaney & F. Gulcin Ozkan, "undated". "Foreign Debt and Fear of Floating: A Theoretical Exploration," Discussion Papers 08/03, University of Nottingham, School of Economics.
    3. repec:eco:journ1:2017-04-17 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Michael Bleaney & F. Gulcin Ozkan, 2011. "The structure of public debt and the choice of exchange rate regime," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 44(1), pages 325-339, February.
    5. Ghosh, Amit, 2014. "A comparison of exchange rate regime choice in emerging markets with advanced and low income nations for 1999–2011," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 358-370.


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