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Gender and Poverty Risk in Europe


  • Elena Bárcena-Martín
  • Ana I. Moro-Egido


This study advances research on the structural dimension in the predominantly individual-oriented field of poverty studies by evaluating to what extent cross-national differences in population and structural characteristics can explain the differences in poverty outcomes by gender. To facilitate an approach that integrates individual and structural context dimensions, the paper takes advantage of multilevel techniques to test gender differences in the risk of being poor, entering into poverty, and exiting from poverty among seventeen European countries. The analysis covers single-adult households, drawing on data from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) for the years 2007--8. The study concludes that structural effects, such as welfare state policies, labor market characteristics, level of inequality, and the level of women's empowerment in the country, seem to be more relevant than individual effects in explaining differences in the gender poverty gap among countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Elena Bárcena-Martín & Ana I. Moro-Egido, 2013. "Gender and Poverty Risk in Europe," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 69-99, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:19:y:2013:i:2:p:69-99
    DOI: 10.1080/13545701.2013.771815

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ruud Muffels & Didier Fouarge, 2004. "The Role of European Welfare States in Explaining Resources Deprivation," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 68(3), pages 299-330, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Elena Bárcena-Martín & M. Carmen Blanco-Arana & Salvador Pérez-Moreno, 2017. "Dynamics of child poverty in the European countries," Working Papers 437, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    2. Cantó, Olga & Cebrián, Inmaculada & Moreno, Gloria, 2016. "Crisis y brecha de riesgo de pobreza por género /The Gender Poverty Gap During the Great Recession in Spain," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 34, pages 179-204, Enero.
    3. repec:spr:soinre:v:138:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11205-017-1660-y is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Valeria Cirillo & Marcella Corsi & Carlo D'Ippoliti, 2015. "Gender, class and the crisis," Working Papers CEB 15-026, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    5. Eva Fodor & Daniel Horn, 2015. "“Economic development” and gender equality: explaining variations in the gender poverty gap after socialism," IEHAS Discussion Papers 1519, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
    6. repec:gam:jsoctx:v:8:y:2018:i:1:p:7-:d:127784 is not listed on IDEAS

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