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Is deindustrialization good for women? Evidence from the United States


  • Ebru Kongar


The gender wage gap in the United States narrowed considerably throughout the 1980s and then more slowly in the 1990s. Using a decomposition methodology and US Current Population Survey data, this study investigates the impact of deindustrialization's continuing shift in employment away from manufacturing to services on the US gender wage gap between 1990 and 2001. The study finds that the widening of the gender wage gap in the service sector caused a slowdown in the narrowing of the US gender wage gap. Within the service sector, two occupational elements affected the growing gender wage gap: women's entry into traditionally male occupations characterized by high wages and high gender wage differentials that resulted in the relative increase in men's wages compared to women's wages in these occupations.

Suggested Citation

  • Ebru Kongar, 2008. "Is deindustrialization good for women? Evidence from the United States," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(1), pages 73-92.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:14:y:2008:i:1:p:73-92
    DOI: 10.1080/13545700701716680

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    More about this item


    Gender wage gap; deindustrialization; service sector; decomposition techniques; JEL Codes: J16; J31; L80;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • L80 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - General


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