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The demand for Canadian defence expenditures

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  • Binyam Solomon

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the determinants of the demand for Canadian military expenditures through the estimation of a demand for defence expenditures model for the time period 1952-2001 using, among others, the auto-regressive distributed lag approach to cointegration (ARDL) to estimate and test cointegration and long run relationships. The findings suggest that Canadian defence spending is determined by NATO's (Europe) defence spending, that of the US to a lesser extent, relative price effects and opportunity cost considerations. In light of the fact that Canada's national, foreign and defence interests are tied to international organizations and bilateral arrangements, the results are not surprising.

Suggested Citation

  • Binyam Solomon, 2005. "The demand for Canadian defence expenditures," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 16(3), pages 171-189.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:defpea:v:16:y:2005:i:3:p:171-189
    DOI: 10.1080/10242690500123380
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Conybeare, John A C & Murdoch, James C & Sandler, Todd, 1994. "Alternative Collective-Goods Models of Military Alliances: Theory and Empirics," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 32(4), pages 525-542, October.
    2. Johansen, Soren, 1995. "Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198774501.
    3. Murdoch, James C & Sandler, Todd & Hansen, Laurna, 1991. "An Econometric Technique for Comparing Median Voter and Oligarchy Choice Models of Collective Action: The Case of the NATO Alliance," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 624-631, November.
    4. Todd Sandler & James C. Murdoch, 1990. "Nash-Cournot or Lindahl Behavior?: An Empirical Test for the NATO Allies," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(4), pages 875-894.
    5. MacKinnon, James G. & White, Halbert, 1985. "Some heteroskedasticity-consistent covariance matrix estimators with improved finite sample properties," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 305-325, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Chien-Chiang Lee & Sheng-Tung Chen, 2007. "Non-Linearity In The Defence Expenditure - Economic Growth Relationship In Taiwan," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(6), pages 537-555.
    2. Karl Skogstad, 2016. "Defence budgets in the post-Cold War era: a spatial econometrics approach," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(3), pages 323-352, June.

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