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Alliances as Contiguity in Spatial Models of Military Expenditures


  • Alejandro Quiroz Flores


What determines the level of a country’s military expenditures? Both history and theory indicate that military expenditures are strategic in nature—a country’s military expenditures depend on the military allocations of other countries. This article examines two potential sources of interdependence: geographic proximity and alliance membership. Estimation results from spatial autoregressive models show that a country’s military expenditures are positively correlated with those of its geographic neighbors. Since countries may respond positively to their neighbors’ military spending due to conflict or cooperation, the article uses alliance membership as an alternative measure of contiguity to discover potential cooperative relationships among geographic neighbors. Results indicate that a country’s military expenditures are positively correlated with the military spending of its alliance partners. This correlation is stronger between members of the same defensive alliance.

Suggested Citation

  • Alejandro Quiroz Flores, 2011. "Alliances as Contiguity in Spatial Models of Military Expenditures," Conflict Management and Peace Science, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 28(4), pages 402-418, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:compsc:v:28:y:2011:i:4:p:402-418

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel G. Arce M. & Todd Sandler, 2005. "Counterterrorism," Journal of Conflict Resolution, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 49(2), pages 183-200, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arvanitidis Paschalis & Kollias Christos & Anastasopoulos Konstantinos, 2014. "Is There an International Convergence in Defence Burdens? Some Initial Findings," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 20(4), pages 611-620, December.
    2. Neumayer, Eric & Plümper, Thomas, 2016. "W," Political Science Research and Methods, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(01), pages 175-193, January.


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