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Biens publics et défense européenne : quel processus d'allocation ?

  • Martial Foucault

    ()

    (RSCAS - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies)

Depuis 1999, l'Union européenne a décidé de disposer d'une politique de sécurité et de défense (PESD) autonome. La très forte hétérogénéité des préférences de chacun des Etats membres implique de définir la nature du processus d'allocation des ressources de défense. En assimilant la sécurité européenne à un lien collectif impur caractérisé par des phénomènes de spillin, cet article propose de tester à partir d'un cadre d'analyse emprunté à l'économie des alliances si l'Europe de la défense suit un processus de type Cournot-Nash ou Lindhal. L'estimation économétrique, réalisée sur la période 1980-2002, admet qu'un processus Cournot-Nash est préféré pour 10 des 15 pays de l'UE et renforce la difficulté de préciser un prix fiscal pour l'Europe de la Défense.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00197130.

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Date of creation: Dec 2005
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Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00197130
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  4. Engle, Robert F & Granger, Clive W J, 1987. "Co-integration and Error Correction: Representation, Estimation, and Testing," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(2), pages 251-76, March.
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  6. McGuire, Martin C & Groth, Carl H, Jr, 1985. "A Method for Identifying the Public Good Allocation Process within a Group," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 100(5), pages 915-34, Supp..
  7. Murdoch, James C & Sandler, Todd & Hansen, Laurna, 1991. "An Econometric Technique for Comparing Median Voter and Oligarchy Choice Models of Collective Action: The Case of the NATO Alliance," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 624-31, November.
  8. Granger, C. W. J. & Newbold, P., 1974. "Spurious regressions in econometrics," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 111-120, July.
  9. Jingang Zhao & Jon Pevehouse, 2000. "A Dynamic Model of NATO Behavior and its Empirical Testing," Working Papers 00-01, Ohio State University, Department of Economics.
  10. Kollias, Christos & Manolas, George & Paleologou, Suzanna-Maria, 2004. "Defence expenditure and economic growth in the European Union: A causality analysis," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 26(5), pages 553-569, July.
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  12. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521477185 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Sandler, Todd & Culyer, A J, 1982. "Joint Products and Multijurisdictional Spillovers," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 97(4), pages 707-16, November.
  14. Marc Guyot & Radu Vranceanu, 2001. "European defence: The cost of partial integration," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 157-174.
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