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Adding an implementation phase to the framework for flood policy evolution: insights from South Africa


  • Brendon Solik
  • Edmund C. Penning-Rowsell


South African flood risk management policy changed radically after the end of apartheid (1994), with the Disaster Management Act of 2002 promoting a modern proactive approach. However, policy document research and two case studies show an implementation deficit. The ‘crises and catalysts’ theoretical framework used to analyze flood policy evolution needs more attention to implementation issues and the learning involved. Future flood policy change in South Africa or elsewhere should ensure that the process of learning is purposefully embedded within the structures, procedures and practices that are promoted to facilitate policy implementation, rather than being left to chance.

Suggested Citation

  • Brendon Solik & Edmund C. Penning-Rowsell, 2017. "Adding an implementation phase to the framework for flood policy evolution: insights from South Africa," International Journal of Water Resources Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 51-68, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:cijwxx:v:33:y:2017:i:1:p:51-68
    DOI: 10.1080/07900627.2016.1142860

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