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Preferences for Floor Plans of Medium-Sized Apartments: A Survey Analysis in Beijing, China


  • Xiaolu Gao
  • Yasushi Asami
  • Yanmin Zhou
  • Toru Ishikawa


This study constitutes a new approach to quantitative analysis of people's housing preferences. Using medium-sized apartments in Beijing as an example, seven floor plans were developed and a questionnaire survey was conducted where the respondents were asked to decide between different pairs of floor plans based on their own preferences. Based on the data, the spatial properties of the floor plans were examined and sample families were classified by their attributes. Using a modeling approach, the preferences for housing floor plans of various family groups were estimated and discussed in detail. The results demonstrated that 'privacy,' 'south-facing,' 'storage,' and 'number of rooms' were the critical means of evaluation of the floor plans of medium-sized apartments. The preferences of different family groups differed significantly and most families were quite selective regarding floor plans. Thus, high-level customization is necessary in architectural design and information services. The preference indices revealed to what extent people were satisfied with different floor plans and suggested precise ways to improve satisfaction with regard to layout plans. In addition, the results implied that, for apartments smaller than 90 m-super-2, essential functions or 'housing utility' must be given priority. In particular, a dining room and a study room were considered mandatory, but a separate storage room was not required.

Suggested Citation

  • Xiaolu Gao & Yasushi Asami & Yanmin Zhou & Toru Ishikawa, 2013. "Preferences for Floor Plans of Medium-Sized Apartments: A Survey Analysis in Beijing, China," Housing Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(3), pages 429-452, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:chosxx:v:28:y:2013:i:3:p:429-452
    DOI: 10.1080/02673037.2013.759542

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Goodman, Allen C., 1990. "Demographics of individual housing demand," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 83-102, June.
    6. Cheol-Joo Cho, 1997. "Joint Choice of Tenure and Dwelling Type: A Multinomial Logit Analysis for the City of Chongju," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 34(9), pages 1459-1473, August.
    7. Ritsuko Ozaki, 2003. "Customer-focused approaches to innovation in housebuilding," Construction Management and Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(6), pages 557-564.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dmitry Burakov, 2018. "Do discounts mitigate numerological superstitions? Evidence from the Russian real estate market," Judgment and Decision Making, Society for Judgment and Decision Making, vol. 13(5), pages 467-470, September.
    2. Evgeny A. Antipov & Elena B. Pokryshevskaya, 2015. "Are buyers of apartments superstitious? Evidence from the Russian real estate market," Judgment and Decision Making, Society for Judgment and Decision Making, vol. 10(6), pages 590-592, November.
    3. Qiong He & Md. Uzzal Hossain & S. Thomas Ng & Godfried L. Augenbroe, 2020. "Retrofitting High-Rise Residential Building in Cold and Severe Cold Zones of China—A Deterministic Decision-Making Mechanism," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(14), pages 1-26, July.

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