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Real convergence in Latin America: a fractionally integrated approach


  • Astrid Ayala
  • Juncal Cuñado
  • Luis Albériko Gil-Alana


This letter investigates the real convergence of 17 Latin American countries to the US economy for the period 1950 to 2008. We examine the order of integration of real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita differences between the US and each Latin American country. We allow for fractional degrees of differentiation. This approach provides a test for stochastic convergence, which is a necessary condition for real convergence. The results show no evidence of stochastic convergence with respect to the US economy in any of the countries under study.

Suggested Citation

  • Astrid Ayala & Juncal Cuñado & Luis Albériko Gil-Alana, 2012. "Real convergence in Latin America: a fractionally integrated approach," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(20), pages 1713-1717, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apfiec:v:22:y:2012:i:20:p:1713-1717 DOI: 10.1080/09603107.2012.674204

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    References listed on IDEAS

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