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The endogeneity of tariffs in Italy, 1890-1969


  • Flavia Terr Ibile
  • John Thornton


The theory of tariff endogeneity suggests that tariffs are influenced by macroeconomic disturbances. The paper tests a simple endogenous tariff model for Italy applying cointegration techniques to time-series data for the period 1890-1969. It is found that the average tariff level is cointegrated with industrial production, consumer prices, the terms of trade and the foreign trade balance (as a percentage of GNP) and that tariff setting has responded to disturbances in these variables. In particular, tariffs appear to have been raised in response to low output growth, increases in the terms of trade and a deteriorating foreign trade balance, and reduced in response to higher inflation.

Suggested Citation

  • Flavia Terr Ibile & John Thornton, 2000. "The endogeneity of tariffs in Italy, 1890-1969," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 7(8), pages 517-520.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:7:y:2000:i:8:p:517-520 DOI: 10.1080/13504850050033292

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ian Domowitz & R. Glenn Hubbard & Bruce C. Petersen, 1986. "Business Cycles and the Relationship Between Concentration and Price-Cost Margins," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 17(1), pages 1-17, Spring.
    2. Hall, Robert E, 1988. "The Relation between Price and Marginal Cost in U.S. Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(5), pages 921-947, October.
    3. Schmalensee, Richard, 1989. "Inter-industry studies of structure and performance," Handbook of Industrial Organization,in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 16, pages 951-1009 Elsevier.
    4. Roeger, Werner, 1995. "Can Imperfect Competition Explain the Difference between Primal and Dual Productivity Measures? Estimates for U.S. Manufacturing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(2), pages 316-330, April.
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