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Policy Disciplining Effect of Capital Account Openness in India

  • Lekshmi Nair


In this paper, the policy disciplining effect of capital account openness in India is examined by examining the impact of capital account openness on inflation and fiscal deficit. Multivariate modeling, which includes other relevant variables identified in the literature, is used for the analysis. Our results show capital account openness has a strong disciplining effect on inflation whereas it has no significant effect on fiscal deficit. In the case of fiscal deficit, trade openness and number of government changes only are the significant determinants. The moves of the RBI tend to reaffirm the disciplinary effect of capital account openness. In the meantime, since the mid 1990s, RBI kept a strict vigil over inflation and inflation expectations in the context of a more open capital account. One major reason for the problem concerning inflation expectation by RBI is the threat of capital outflow in the face of loose monetary policy and high inflation. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2012

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Article provided by Springer in its journal Transition Studies Review.

Volume (Year): 19 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (September)
Pages: 43-57

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Handle: RePEc:spr:trstrv:v:19:y:2012:i:1:p:43-57
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  6. Woochan Kim, 2003. "Does Capital Account Liberalization Discipline Budget Deficit?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(5), pages 830-844, November.
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