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Does Higher Education Expansion Reduce Credentialism and Gender Discrimination in Education?


  • Ching-Yuan Lin
  • Chun-Hung Lin



This paper investigates the effects of higher education expansion on the phenomena of credentialism and gender discrimination in education. Using the survey data of Family Income and Expenditure by DGBAS, Taiwan from 1980 to 2009, we examine the time path of the effect of higher education expansion on household expenditures for children’s education in Taiwan for five sub-periods: 1980–1990, 1991–1995, 1996–2000, 2001–2005, and 2006–2009. We show that, surprisingly, although the higher education expansion during the 1990s lowers the requirement of college entrance, credentialism seems to continue to prevail in the Taiwanese society. However, the higher education expansion does change parents’ attitude on female children’s education and increase the possibility for female children to attain higher education. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Suggested Citation

  • Ching-Yuan Lin & Chun-Hung Lin, 2012. "Does Higher Education Expansion Reduce Credentialism and Gender Discrimination in Education?," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 109(2), pages 279-293, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:soinre:v:109:y:2012:i:2:p:279-293
    DOI: 10.1007/s11205-011-9902-x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Chun-Hung Lin & Chih-Hai Yang, 2009. "An Analysis of Educational Inequality in Taiwan After the Higher Education Expansion," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 90(2), pages 295-305, January.
    2. Gindling, T. H. & Goldfarb, Marsha & Chang, Chun-Chig, 1995. "Changing returns to education in Taiwan: 1978-1991," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 343-356, February.
    3. Chun-Hung A. Lin & Chun-Hsuan Wang, 2005. "The Incidence And Wage Effects Of Overeducation: The Case Of Taiwan," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 30(1), pages 31-47, June.
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    More about this item


    Education expansion; Credentialism; Gender discrimination; I28; I21; J71;

    JEL classification:

    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing


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