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Tornado fatalities and mobile homes in the United States


  • Daniel Sutter


  • Kevin Simmons


Fatalities from tornadoes have declined dramatically over the last century in the United States. Despite the overall reduction in tornado lethality, fatalities from mobile homes remain high. In fact, research suggests that the likelihood of a fatality in a mobile home is ten times or more than that in a permanent home. This study examines possible explanations of the mobile home tornado problem, including the potential for concentration of these homes in tornado prone states, the relation to Fujita Scale rating, and incidence during the day. We find that mobile home fatalities are concentrated in the Southeastern US, significantly more likely in weaker tornadoes, and occur disproportionately at night. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Sutter & Kevin Simmons, 2010. "Tornado fatalities and mobile homes in the United States," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 53(1), pages 125-137, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:nathaz:v:53:y:2010:i:1:p:125-137
    DOI: 10.1007/s11069-009-9416-x

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Louis De Alessi, 1996. "Error and Bias in Benefit-Cost Analysis: HUD's Case for the Wind Rule," Cato Journal, Cato Journal, Cato Institute, vol. 16(1), pages 129-147, Spring/Su.
    2. Marshall, Maria I. & Marsh, Thomas L., 2007. "Consumer and investment demand for manufactured housing units," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 59-71, March.
    3. Colin F. Camerer & Howard Kunreuther, 1989. "Decision processes for low probability events: Policy implications," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(4), pages 565-592.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marius Paulikas & Walker Ashley, 2011. "Thunderstorm Hazard vulnerability for the Atlanta, Georgia metropolitan region," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 58(3), pages 1077-1092, September.

    More about this item


    Tornadoes; Mobile homes; Fatalities; Injuries;


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