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Inclusive growth for the marginalized: inclusion vs. pseudo-inclusion


  • M. Suryanarayana



Realizing inclusive growth for the marginalized social sections is a major objective guiding current policy formulations in India and similar developing countries. India has sought to achieve this goal by redistributive measures like Food Security Act and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Such a policy strategy based on redistribution alone may not be sustainable in the long run. Hence, this study distinguishes between ‘Sustainable Inclusive Growth’ (Inclusion) and ‘Non-sustainable Inclusive Growth’ (Pseudo-Inclusion). It defines corresponding measures of ‘Inclusion’ and ‘pseudo-Inclusion’ by articulating four dimensions of an inclusive growth process. The empirical illustrations based on the National Sample Survey data on household consumption distribution for the post-economic-reform (post-1991) period in India show that the government has not been able to realize comprehensive inclusion with reference to the four dimensions emphasized in the concept proposed. Copyright Institute for Social and Economic Change 2015

Suggested Citation

  • M. Suryanarayana, 2015. "Inclusive growth for the marginalized: inclusion vs. pseudo-inclusion," Journal of Social and Economic Development, Springer;Institute for Social and Economic Change, vol. 17(1), pages 1-13, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jsecdv:v:17:y:2015:i:1:p:1-13
    DOI: 10.1007/s40847-015-0005-4

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. M.H. Suryanarayana, 2008. "Inclusive Growth - What is so exclusive about it?," Macroeconomics Working Papers 22380, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    2. Rafael Ranieri & Raquel Almeida Ramos, 2013. "After All, What is Inclusive Growth?," One Pager 188, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    3. Rafael Ranieri & Raquel Almeida Ramos, 2013. "Inclusive Growth: Building up a Concept," Working Papers 104, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kostas Rontos & Maria-Eleni Syrmali & Ioannis Vavouras, 2015. "Economic, political and social determinants of governance worldwide," Journal of Social and Economic Development, Springer;Institute for Social and Economic Change, vol. 17(2), pages 105-119, October.


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