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Knowledge Exchange Mechanisms and Innovation Policy in Post-Industrial Regions: Approaches of the Basque Country and the West Midlands

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  • Iwona Borowik

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Abstract

Many countries and regions struggle with utilization of knowledge assets and they developed over the years research and innovation infrastructure to enhance innovation in the private sector. The objective of this study is to review the innovation policy initiatives promoting innovation and cooperation between the regional knowledge base and private sector based on the experience of post-industrial regions of the Basque Country and the West Midlands characterized by similar economic history and challenges in regaining competitiveness. In addition to the mechanisms promoting innovation and knowledge exchange, the study presents the regions’ economic background, innovation performance, and institutional framework of innovation policy. The article ends with conclusions and policy implications for other regions. Copyright The Author(s) 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Iwona Borowik, 2014. "Knowledge Exchange Mechanisms and Innovation Policy in Post-Industrial Regions: Approaches of the Basque Country and the West Midlands," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 5(1), pages 37-69, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jknowl:v:5:y:2014:i:1:p:37-69
    DOI: 10.1007/s13132-012-0134-3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
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    5. P Cooke & M G Uranga & G Etxebarria, 1998. "Regional Systems of Innovation: An Evolutionary Perspective," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 30(9), pages 1563-1584, September.
    6. Gertler, Meric S., 2004. "Manufacturing Culture: The Institutional Geography of Industrial Practice," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198233824.
    7. Oughton, Christine & Whittam, Geoff, 1997. "Competition and Cooperation in the Small Firm Sector," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 44(1), pages 1-30, February.
    8. P Cooke & M G Uranga & G Etxebarria, 1998. "Regional systems of innovation: an evolutionary perspective," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 30(9), pages 1563-1584, September.
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