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Socioeconomic predictors of dietary patterns among Guatemalan adults


  • Ana-Lucia Mayén

    () (Lausanne University Hospital)

  • Silvia Stringhini

    () (Lausanne University Hospital)

  • Nicole D. Ford

    () (Emory University)

  • Reynaldo Martorell

    () (Emory University)

  • Aryeh D. Stein

    () (Emory University)

  • Fred Paccaud

    () (Lausanne University Hospital)

  • Pedro Marques-Vidal

    () (Lausanne University Hospital)


Abstract Objectives We aimed to assess the associations of socioeconomic factors with dietary patterns in a Guatemalan population. Methods Cross-sectional data of 1076 participants (42 % men, mean age 32.6 ± 4.2 years) collected between 2002 and 2004 in four rural villages in Guatemala. Dietary patterns were derived using principal component analysis. Chi-square and Poisson regression models were used to assess associations between socioeconomic factors and dietary patterns. Results Three dietary patterns were identified: “Western” (high in processed foods), “traditional” (high in traditional foods) and “coffee and sugar”, explaining 11, 7 and 6 % of the variance, respectively. Annual expenditures were associated with a higher adherence to the “Western” pattern: prevalence ratios [(PR) (95 % confidence interval)] 1.92 (1.17–3.15) for the highest vs. lowest expenditure group in men and 8.99 (3.57–22.64) in women. A borderline significant (p = 0.06) negative association was found between the “traditional” pattern and higher household expenditures [0.71 (0.49–1.02) in men] and with schooling [0.23 (0.05–1.02)] in women (p = 0.05). Conclusions Dietary patterns in Guatemala are predicted by socioeconomic factors. In particular, high annual expenditures are associated with a more westernized, less traditional diet.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana-Lucia Mayén & Silvia Stringhini & Nicole D. Ford & Reynaldo Martorell & Aryeh D. Stein & Fred Paccaud & Pedro Marques-Vidal, 2016. "Socioeconomic predictors of dietary patterns among Guatemalan adults," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), vol. 61(9), pages 1069-1077, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:ijphth:v:61:y:2016:i:9:d:10.1007_s00038-016-0863-3
    DOI: 10.1007/s00038-016-0863-3

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Deon Filmer & Lant Pritchett, 2001. "Estimating Wealth Effects Without Expenditure Data—Or Tears: An Application To Educational Enrollments In States Of India," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 38(1), pages 115-132, February.
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