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Assessment of global warming on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Trends in minimum, maximum and mean temperatures since 1944

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  • José Martín

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  • José Bethencourt
  • Emilio Cuevas-Agulló

Abstract

Temperature variation is studied at different altitudes and orientation on the island of Tenerife, according to the trends in the mean, maximum and minimum at 21 meteorological stations. Reference series are obtained by sectors, along with a representative overall series for Tenerife, in which temperature shows a statistically significant growth trend of 0.09 ± 0.04°C/decade since 1944. Night-time temperatures have risen most (0.17°C ± 0.04°C/decade), while by day they have been more stable. Consequently, the diurnal temperature range between day and night has narrowed. By regions, warming has been much more intense in the high mountains than the other sectors below the inversion layer between 600 and 1,400 m altitude, and progressively milder towards the coast. The temperature rise on the windward (north-northeast) slopes is greater than on the leeward side and could be related to the increase in cloudiness on the northern side. The general warming of the island is less than in continental areas at between 24 and 44ºN, being closer to the sea surface temperature in the same area. This is probably explained largely by the insular conditions. In fact warming is more evident in the high mountains (0.14 ± 0.07°C/decade), where the tempering effect of the ocean and the impact of changes in the stratocumulus is weaker, being similar to the mean continental values in the northern hemisphere. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Suggested Citation

  • José Martín & José Bethencourt & Emilio Cuevas-Agulló, 2012. "Assessment of global warming on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Trends in minimum, maximum and mean temperatures since 1944," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 114(2), pages 343-355, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:climat:v:114:y:2012:i:2:p:343-355 DOI: 10.1007/s10584-012-0407-7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Thomas Knoke, 2013. "Uncertainties and REDD+: Implications of applying the conservativeness principle to carbon stock estimates," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 119(2), pages 261-267, July.
    2. Jean Ometto & Ana Aguiar & Talita Assis & Luciana Soler & Pedro Valle & Graciela Tejada & David Lapola & Patrick Meir, 2014. "Amazon forest biomass density maps: tackling the uncertainty in carbon emission estimates," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 124(3), pages 545-560, June.
    3. Daniel Plugge & Thomas Baldauf & Michael Köhl, 2013. "The global climate change mitigation strategy REDD: monitoring costs and uncertainties jeopardize economic benefits," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 119(2), pages 247-259, July.
    4. Giacomo Grassi & Sandro Federici & Frédéric Achard, 2013. "Implementing conservativeness in REDD+ is realistic and useful to address the most uncertain estimates," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 119(2), pages 269-275, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. A. Kosanic & S. Harrison & K. Anderson & I. Kavcic, 2014. "Present and historical climate variability in South West England," Climatic Change, Springer, vol. 124(1), pages 221-237, May.

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