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The International Environment and Its Influence on the Entrepreneurial Internationalization of Firms: The Case of Polish Businesses (Miedzynarodowe srodowisko i jego wplyw na miedzynarodowa przedsiebiorczosc firm: przypadek polskich firm)

Author

Listed:
  • Agnieszka Glodowska

    (Department of International Trade, Faculty of Economics and International Relations, Cracow University of Economics)

  • Bozena Pera

    () (Department of International Trade, Faculty of Economics and International Relations, Cracow University of Economics)

  • Krzysztof Wach

    () (Department of International Trade, Faculty of Economics and International Relations, Cracow University of Economics)

Abstract

The article focuses on the international environment, which is one of the main variables in the internationalization process of firms from the perspective of international entrepreneurship. The main goal of this study is the identification of the key factors in the internationalization of the firms, inherent in the international environment, and the exploration of the impact of these factors on the process of the internationalization of Polish firms. The paper presents the partial results of a survey based on a sample of 355 companies operating in Poland. The questionnaire was completed in 2015 as a part of the OPUS 4 project as carried out at the Cracow University of Economics. Using information from Polish companies, the study finds that pull factors have a positive influence on the level of internationalization of the examined businesses. Production companies are the main beneficiaries of the internationalization process and Polish born globals take advantage of their adjustments to the ecology. The results presented in the article are just a starting point for further analyses, including not only the simple seven-dimensional PLESCET approach, but also the process of organizational learning, the accumulation of knowledge coming from the environment, and the taking advantage of environmental opportunities.

Suggested Citation

  • Agnieszka Glodowska & Bozena Pera & Krzysztof Wach, 2016. "The International Environment and Its Influence on the Entrepreneurial Internationalization of Firms: The Case of Polish Businesses (Miedzynarodowe srodowisko i jego wplyw na miedzynarodowa przedsiebi," Problemy Zarzadzania, University of Warsaw, Faculty of Management, vol. 14(62), pages 107-130.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgm:pzwzuw:v:14:i:62:y:2016:p:107-130
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yongqiang Gao, 2008. "Institutional Environment and MNEs’ Strategy in Transitional China," Managing Global Transitions, University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper, vol. 6(1), pages 5-21.
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    3. Antonia Mercedes García-Cabrera & María Gracia García-Soto & Juan José Durán-Herrera, 2016. "Opportunity motivation and SME internationalisation in emerging countries: Evidence from entrepreneurs’ perception of institutions," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 879-910, September.
    4. Klapper, Leora & Laeven, Luc & Rajan, Raghuram, 2004. "Business environment and firm entry : Evidence from international data," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3232, The World Bank.
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    8. Monica COJOCARU, 2011. "Cultural Globalization in the Context of International Business," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 12(5), pages 993-999, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    internationalization; international business; external environment; business environment; international entrepreneurship;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M16 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - International Business Administration

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