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Take (health) care of yourself: what international experience predicts about drivers and structure of Polish health expenditure


  • Kamila Sławińska

    (Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie)

  • Andrzej Torój

    (Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie)


The fulfillment of the society’s needs for health care is a crucial issue - both at present and in the future. This paper aims to forecast the future development of healthcare expenditure (HCE) in Poland on the basis of international experience and taking into account the private - public composition. For this purpose, we apply econometric panel modelling methods. The unfavourable demographic changes occurring in the majority of highly developed countries, which are a consequence of a growing number of elderly people and an increasing life expectancy, are indicated as one of the main drivers affecting HCE. Hence, an increase in the percentage of pensioners should result in an over-proportional rise in HCE. In this context, the key problem is defining the source of funding. On the one hand, it is obvious that health care provision is one of the primary functions of a state but on the other hand, considering unlimited health care needs of a society and limited resources for meeting its needs, the additional sources of funding - including private - are required.

Suggested Citation

  • Kamila Sławińska & Andrzej Torój, 2013. "Take (health) care of yourself: what international experience predicts about drivers and structure of Polish health expenditure," Collegium of Economic Analysis Annals, Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of Economic Analysis, issue 30, pages 291-303.
  • Handle: RePEc:sgh:annals:i:30:y:2013:p:291-303

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Getzen, Thomas E., 2000. "Health care is an individual necessity and a national luxury: applying multilevel decision models to the analysis of health care expenditures," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 259-270, March.
    2. Joaquim Oliveira Martins & Christine de la Maisonneuve, 2007. "The drivers of public expenditure on health and long-term care: An integrated approach," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2006(2), pages 115-154.
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