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Tourism and Growth in the Caribbean – Evidence from a Panel Error Correction Model

Author

Listed:
  • Nicholas Apergis

    (Department of Banking and Financial Management, University of Piraeus, Karaoli and Dimitriou 80, Piraeus, Attiki 18534, Greece)

  • James E. Payne

    (Regional Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Research, University of South Florida Polytechnic, 3433 Winter Lake Road, Lakeland, FL 33803, USA)

Abstract

This empirical study examines the causal relationship between tourism and economic growth for a panel of nine Caribbean countries over the period 1995–2007. Pedroni (1999, 2004) panel cointegration tests reveal a long-run equilibrium relationship between real GDP per capita, the real effective exchange rate and international tourist arrivals per capita. The panel error correction model reveals bidirectional causality between tourism and economic growth in both the short run and the long run.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicholas Apergis & James E. Payne, 2012. "Tourism and Growth in the Caribbean – Evidence from a Panel Error Correction Model," Tourism Economics, , vol. 18(2), pages 449-456, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:toueco:v:18:y:2012:i:2:p:449-456
    DOI: 10.5367/te.2012.0119
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Paolo Figini & Laura Vici, 2010. "Tourism and Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," Tourism Economics, , vol. 16(4), pages 789-805, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sadia Bano & Mehtab Alam & Anwar Khan & Lu Liu, 2021. "The nexus of tourism, renewable energy, income, and environmental quality: an empirical analysis of Pakistan," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 23(10), pages 14854-14877, October.
    2. Colin Cannonier & Monica Galloway Burke, 2019. "The economic growth impact of tourism in Small Island Developing States—evidence from the Caribbean," Tourism Economics, , vol. 25(1), pages 85-108, February.
    3. Adamopoulos, Antonios, 2021. "A System Equation Model for Tourism and Economic Growth," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 74(3), pages 311-334.
    4. Johnella Bradshaw & Simron Jit Singh & Su-Yin Tan & Tomer Fishman & Kristen Pott, 2020. "GIS-Based Material Stock Analysis (MSA) of Climate Vulnerabilities to the Tourism Industry in Antigua and Barbuda," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(19), pages 1-22, September.
    5. Can Tansel TUGCU & Mert TOPCU, 2018. "The impact of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions on tourism: Does the source of emission matter?," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(1(614), S), pages 125-136, Spring.
    6. Alam Rehman & Amir Ishaque & Shumaila Malik & Shams Ur Rehman & Arif Hussain & Muhammad Khan & Muhammad Zeeshan & Fakhr E. Alam Afridi, 2021. "Exploring Asymmetric Nexus Between Tourism, Economic Growth and CO2 Emissions in the Context of Pakistan," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 11(3), pages 338-345.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    tourism arrivals; real GDP; real exchange rate; Granger-causality; Caribbean;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

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