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The Effect of Home Advantage, Momentum, and Fighting on Winning in the National Hockey League


  • Benjamin Leard

    (The Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA)

  • Joanne M. Doyle

    () (Department of Economics, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA, USA)


Using game-level data, the authors estimate models of team success and test for the effect of three specific factors on game outcomes in professional ice hockey. First, they estimate the home ice advantage and find that much of it can be attributed to rules advantages for the home team. Second, contrary to previous studies on momentum, the authors find some evidence that game-to-game momentum has a positive effect on winning. Finally, the authors test the impact of fighting on the likelihood of winning and find that winning fights does not lead to winning games.

Suggested Citation

  • Benjamin Leard & Joanne M. Doyle, 2011. "The Effect of Home Advantage, Momentum, and Fighting on Winning in the National Hockey League," Journal of Sports Economics, , vol. 12(5), pages 538-560, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:jospec:v:12:y:2011:i:5:p:538-560

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    Cited by:

    1. Doyle Joanne M. & Leard Benjamin, 2012. "Variations in Home Advantage: Evidence from the National Hockey League," Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, De Gruyter, vol. 8(2), pages 1-27, June.
    2. repec:gam:jijfss:v:7:y:2019:i:1:p:12-:d:207391 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Stephanie Parsons & Nicholas Rohde, 2015. "The hot hand fallacy re-examined: new evidence from the English Premier League," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(4), pages 346-357, January.
    4. Clifford C. Henson & Paul R. Dorasil, 2014. "Judging Bias In Competitive Academic Debate: The Effects Of Region, Side, And Sex," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 32(2), pages 420-434, April.
    5. repec:pal:easeco:v:44:y:2018:i:4:d:10.1057_s41302-018-0110-0 is not listed on IDEAS

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    hockey; home advantage; momentum; fighting;


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