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Post-keynésiens et régulationnistes :Une alternative à la crise de l’économie standard ?

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  • Boyer, Robert

Abstract

Les deux programmes de recherche, post-keynésien et régulationniste, ont en commun de proposer une alternative à l’économie standard dont l’incapacité à rendre compte des faits stylisés observés, depuis les années 1970 et plus encore dans la crise actuelle, est manifeste. Une possible convergence s’est manifestée d’abord dans la formalisation du régime économique de l’après-guerre, comme forme particulière de croissance cumulative, puis dans l’analyse des emballements spéculatifs qui se succèdent depuis les années quatre-vingt-dix, enfin par l’usage de modèles stock-flux afin de cerner les canaux de transmission de la politique monétaire et la soutenabilté des déséquilibres observés au niveau de l’économie mondiale et de l’Union européenne. La relative rareté de ces convergences s’explique d’abord par une référence plus kalekienne et marxiste que keynésienne chez les régulationnistes. Ensuite, du fait d’une posture épistémologique différente : grande théorie à vocation universelle d’un côté, analyse historiquement et spatialement située de l’autre. La profondeur de la crise que traverse l’économie standard dans son épistémologie implicite, ses concepts fondateurs et ses méthodes ouvre un espace à la collaboration entre post-keynésiens et régulationnistes. L’article propose quatre pistes : reconnaissance du rôle déterminant des institutions et pas seulement de la politique économique dans la compensation des failles de marché ; examen systématique de la pertinence des diverses classes de modèles et pas seulement de leur cohérence théorique ; enrichissement des mécanismes typiquement keynésiens afin de rendre compte de la multiplicité des interdépendances observées dans les économies contemporaines ; enfin association à tout modèle de croissance de long terme des facteurs susceptibles de le déstabiliser, selon un processus d’endométabolisme caractéristique d’une économie capitaliste. L’évolution des institutions académiques, tant nationales que mondiales, est peut-être le principal obstacle à la mise en œuvre de ces recherches.

Suggested Citation

  • Boyer, Robert, 2011. "Post-keynésiens et régulationnistes :Une alternative à la crise de l’économie standard ?," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 10.
  • Handle: RePEc:rvr:journl:2011:9377
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    File URL: http://regulation.revues.org/9377
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Clévenot, Mickaël, 2011. "Post-keynésianisme et théorie de la régulation : des perspectives communes," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 10.
    2. Boyer, Robert, 2012. "Diversité et évolution des capitalismes en Amérique latine. De la régulation économique au politique," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 11.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    croissance et crise; John-Maynard Keynes; méthodologie économique; Mickael Kalecki; Nicholas Kaldor; théorie de la régulation; théorie post-keynésienne; Economic Methodology; Growth and Crisis; John Maynard Keynes; Michael Kalecki; Nicholas Kaldor; Post-Keynesian Theory; Régulation Theory; crecimiento y crisis; John Maynard Keynes; metodología económica; Michael Kaleki; Nicholas Kaldor; teoría de la regulación; teoría post-keynesiana;

    JEL classification:

    • B22 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Macroeconomics
    • B25 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Historical; Institutional; Evolutionary; Austrian; Stockholm School
    • E11 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Marxian; Sraffian; Kaleckian
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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