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The Creative Class and Economic Development as Practiced in the Rural U.S. South: An Exploratory Survey of Economic Development Professionals


  • Hatcher, William

    (Eastern Kentucky University)

  • Oyer, Matt

    (Heart of Georgia Regional Commission)

  • Gallardo, Roberto

    (Mississippi State University)


The research administers an exploratory survey to local economic developers in the state of Kentucky to examine opinion regarding the creative class. We hypothesize that Kentucky officials, especially the ones from the rural areas of the state, will be skeptical of the creative class theory of economic development. However, analysis shows half of the sampled economic developers to be supportive of the creative class, and rural developers are just as likely as urban ones to support the theory.

Suggested Citation

  • Hatcher, William & Oyer, Matt & Gallardo, Roberto, 2011. "The Creative Class and Economic Development as Practiced in the Rural U.S. South: An Exploratory Survey of Economic Development Professionals," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 41(2,3), pages 139-159, Fall, Win.
  • Handle: RePEc:rre:publsh:v:41:y:2011:i:2:p:139-159

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Romer, Paul M, 1986. "Increasing Returns and Long-run Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(5), pages 1002-1037, October.
    2. Dan S. Rickman & Shane D. Rickman, 2011. "Population Growth In High‐Amenity Nonmetropolitan Areas: What'S The Prognosis?," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(5), pages 863-879, December.
    3. Ron A. Boschma & Michael Fritsch, 2009. "Creative Class and Regional Growth: Empirical Evidence from Seven European Countries," Economic Geography, Clark University, vol. 85(4), pages 391-423, October.
    4. Pratt, Andy C., 2008. "Creative cities: the cultural industries and the creative class," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20704, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    5. Vijay K. Mathur, 1999. "Human Capital-Based Strategy for Regional Economic Development," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 13(3), pages 203-216, August.
    6. Wojan, Timothy R. & McGranahan, David A., 2007. "Ambient Returns: Creative Capital's Contribution to Local Manufacturing Competitiveness," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 36(1), April.
    7. Elizabeth Currid-Halkett & Kevin Stolarick, 2011. "The Great Divide: Economic Development Theory Versus Practice—A Survey of the Current Landscape," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 25(2), pages 143-157, May.
    8. John Schoales, 2006. "Alpha Clusters: Creative Innovation in Local Economies," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 20(2), pages 162-177, May.
    9. Gary Sands & Laura A. Reese, 2008. "Cultivating the Creative Class: And What About Nanaimo?," Economic Development Quarterly, , vol. 22(1), pages 8-23, February.
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    More about this item


    creative class; rural economic developers; local economic development;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy


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