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How important is access to employment offices in Spain? An urban and non-urban perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Suárez Cano, Patricia

    (Applied Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Business. University of Oviedo)

  • Mayor Fernández, Matías

    () (Applied Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Business. University of Oviedo)

  • Cueto Iglesias, Begoña

    (Applied Economics Department, Faculty of Economics and Business. University of Oviedo)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze the effect of the accessibility to employment offices on local unemployment rates according to the distribution of three different types of municipalities: large urban, small urban and non-urban. We built a new accessibility measure taking into account the number of employment offices together with the distance and size of their catchment area. We propose an empirical model with spatial regimes that allows including simultaneously spatial heterogeneity and spatial autocorrelation. The results suggest that the accessibility to employment offices is especially important in non-urban areas where employment opportunities are limited. Employment services are important because bridge the gap between unemployed workers and employers where job opportunities are unclear.

Suggested Citation

  • Suárez Cano, Patricia & Mayor Fernández, Matías & Cueto Iglesias, Begoña, 2011. "How important is access to employment offices in Spain? An urban and non-urban perspective," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 21, pages 119-140.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0034
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Suárez Cano, Patricia & Mayor Fernández, Matías & Cueto Iglesias, Begoña, 2012. "La eficiencia de los servicios públicos de empleo en España en un escenario descentralizado: un análisis desde la perspectiva de la oferta/Efficiency of Public Employment Services in Spain in a Decent," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 30, pages 757(22)-757, Agosto.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Accessibility; employment services; spatial autocorrelation; spatial heterogeneity; spatial regimes;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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