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Dépendance à l’égard de l’aide sociale et réforme de la sécurité du revenu

  • Fortin, Bernard

    (Département d’économique et CRÉFA, Université Laval)

The principal aim of this paper is to present an analysis of the factors that influence the dynamics of welfare spells among households. Four sets of variables are distinguished: variables that affect work conditions and individual preferences; variables that influence labour market rationing; parameters of the welfare program and of other social programs. A particular emphasis is put on the dynamic nature of welfare dependency and on the links relating present and future welfare participation. Econometric results applied to Quebec are also discussed. Finally, conclusions from this analysis are drawn concerning the recent welfare reform proposed by the Quebec Government. L’objectif principal de cet article est d’analyser les facteurs qui influencent la dynamique des séjours à l’aide sociale des ménages. On distingue quatre ensembles de variables : les variables qui affectent les conditions de travail ainsi que les préférences des ménages; les variables influençant le rationnement sur le marché du travail; les paramètres du programme d’aide et des autres programmes sociaux. On met en particulier l’accent sur la nature dynamique de la dépendance à l’aide en insistant sur les liens existant entre la participation présente et future à l’aide. On présente en outre les résultats empiriques tirés d’études économétriques sur la question et appliqués au Québec. Enfin, on tire des conclusions de cette analyse sur la récente réforme de l’aide sociale proposée par le gouvernement du Québec.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 73 (1997)
Issue (Month): 4 (décembre)
Pages: 557-573

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:73:y:1997:i:4:p:557-573
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  1. Fortin, B. & Truchon, M., 1990. "On Reforming the Welfare System: Workfare Meets the Negative Income Tax," Cahiers de recherche 9016, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  2. Gottschalk, Peter, 1996. "Is the correlation in welfare participation across generations spurious?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 1-25, December.
  3. Fortin, B. & Lacroix, G., 1991. "Labour Supply, Tax Evasion and the Marginal Cost of Public Funds: An Empirical Investigation," Cahiers de recherche 9114, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  4. Robert J. LaLonde, 1995. "The Promise of Public Sector-Sponsored Training Programs," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 149-168, Spring.
  5. Blank, Rebecca M., 1989. "Analyzing the length of welfare spells," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 245-273, August.
  6. Besley, T., 1988. "Workfare Vs. Welfare: Incentive Arguments For Work Requirements In Poverty Alleviation Programs," Papers 142, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
  7. James J. Heckman & Jeffrey A. Smith, 1995. "Assessing the Case for Social Experiments," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 85-110, Spring.
  8. Fortin, Bernard & Lacroix, Guy, 1997. "Welfare Benefits, Minimum Wage Rate and the Duration of Welfare Spells: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Canada," Cahiers de recherche 9708, Université Laval - Département d'économique.
  9. Zvi Eckstein & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 1989. "The Specification and Estimation of Dynamic Stochastic Discrete Choice Models: A Survey," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 24(4), pages 562-598.
  10. David Card & Philip Robins, 1996. "Do Financial Incentives Encourage Welfare Recipients to Work? Early Findings from the Canadian Self Sufficiency Project," Working Papers 738, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  11. Robert A. Moffitt, 1996. "The effect of employment and training programs on entry and exit from the welfare caseload," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(1), pages 32-50.
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