IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Information asymétrique, contraintes de liquidité et investissement

  • Bascuñán, Mauricio

    (Département de sciences économiques, Université de Montréal)

  • Garcia, René

    (Département de sciences économiques, Université de Montréal)

  • Poitevin, Michel

    (Département de sciences économiques, Université de Montréal)

This paper studies the impact of financial market structure on investment decisions by firms using company panel data from six countries: Germany and Japan, where borrower-lender relationships are more of a long-term nature, Canada, France, United Kingdom, and United States, where financial markets tend to favour short-term relationships. Market imperfections between lenders and borrowers should be reduced in financial Systems of the long-term type, allowing firms to rely less on their own cash flows to finance their investments. Our estimation results confirm that in Germany and Japan, coefficients of cash flows and stocks in investment equations are either of small magnitude or not statistically different from zero. Notwithstanding the financial system prevailing in a country, these imperfections should affect more small firms than large firms. Our results show that small firms make more use of their cash flows to finance investment, not only in the United States but also in Japan, which offers more convincing evidence supporting the assumption of financial constraints. Le présent article étudie l’influence de la structure des marchés financiers sur les décisions d’investissement des entreprises à partir de données longitudinales d’entreprises de six pays : l’Allemagne et le Japon d’une part, où s’établissent plutôt des relations de long terme entre prêteurs et emprunteurs, le Canada, les États-Unis, la France et le Royaume-Uni d’autre part, dont les marchés financiers tendent à privilégier les relations de court terme. Les systèmes financiers qui favorisent les relations de long terme devraient réduire les imperfections de marché et permettre donc aux entreprises de moins recourir aux fonds autogénérés pour financer leurs investissements. Les résultats de nos estimations confirment qu’en Allemagne et au Japon, les coefficients des variables de flux et de stocks de liquidités dans les équations d’investissement sont soit faibles soit statistiquement non différents de zéro. Par ailleurs, indépendamment du système financier d’un pays, ces mêmes imperfections devraient se manifester plus dans les petites entreprises que dans les grandes entreprises. Nos résultats montrent effectivement que les petites firmes ont davantage recours à leurs propres fonds pour financer leurs investissements, non seulement aux États-Unis mais encore au Japon, ce qui constitue une confirmation plus convaincante de l’hypothèse des contraintes financières.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/602187ar
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 71 (1995)
Issue (Month): 4 (décembre)
Pages: 398-420

as
in new window

Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:71:y:1995:i:4:p:398-420
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.scse.ca/
Email:


More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. T. Jappelli & J-S Pischke & N.S. Souleles, 1995. "Testing for Liquidity Constraints in Euler Equations with Complementary Data Sources," Working papers 95-19, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  2. Garcia, Rene & Lusardi, Annamaria & Ng, Serena, 1997. "Excess Sensitivity and Asymmetries in Consumption: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 29(2), pages 154-76, May.
  3. Hayashi, Fumio, 1982. "Tobin's Marginal q and Average q: A Neoclassical Interpretation," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(1), pages 213-24, January.
  4. Hausman, Jerry A, 1978. "Specification Tests in Econometrics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1251-71, November.
  5. Jensen, Michael C, 1986. "Agency Costs of Free Cash Flow, Corporate Finance, and Takeovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 323-29, May.
  6. Stephen Bond & Costas Meghir, 1990. "Dynamic Investment Models and the Firm's Financial Policy," CEPR Financial Markets Paper 0013, European Science Foundation Network in Financial Markets, c/o C.E.P.R, 77 Bastwick Street, London EC1V 3PZ..
  7. Elston, Julie, 1997. "A Comparison of Empirical Investment Equations using Company Panel Data for France, Germany, Belgium and the UK," Working Papers 981, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  8. de Meza, David & Webb, David C, 1987. "Too Much Investment: A Problem of Asymmetric Information," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 102(2), pages 281-92, May.
  9. Steven M. Fazzari & R. Glenn Hubbard & BRUCE C. PETERSEN, 1988. "Financing Constraints and Corporate Investment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(1), pages 141-206.
  10. R. Glenn Hubbard & Anil K Kashyap & Toni M. Whited, 1993. "Internal Finance and Firm Investment," NBER Working Papers 4392, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  11. Fabio Schiantarelli & Xiaoqiang Hu, 1994. "Investment and Financing Constraints: A Switching Regression Approach Using U.S. Firm Panel Data," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 284., Boston College Department of Economics.
  12. Toni M. Whited, 1990. "Debt, liquidity constraints, and corporate investment: evidence from panel data," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 114, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  13. Ambarish, Ramasastry & John, Kose & Williams, Joseph, 1987. " Efficient Signalling with Dividends and Investments," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 42(2), pages 321-43, June.
  14. Oliner, Stephen D & Rudebusch, Glenn D, 1992. "Sources of the Financing Hierarchy for Business Investment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(4), pages 643-54, November.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:71:y:1995:i:4:p:398-420. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Bruce Shearer)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.