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Le développement de l’agriculture, la croissance de la population et l’environnement


  • Nerlove, Marc

    (Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Maryland)


Few issues excite as much interest and concern in contemporary economics as those related to environment. Many long term environmental problems are intergenerational, in the sense that they affect primarily future generations, and derive from the use of modern agricultural technology or extension of agriculture into environmentally fragile areas to augment food supplies, as well as from pollution due to rapid urbanization and industrialization or from too rapid exploitation of exhaustible energy and other natural resources. The purpose of this essay is to explore the connections among population growth, agricultural development, and the quality of environment. Peu de sujets suscitent autant d’intérêt et d’inquiétude dans l’économie contemporaine que ceux reliés à l’environnement. Plusieurs problèmes environnementaux à long terme sont de nature intergénérationnelle, c’est-à-dire qu’ils affectent principalement les générations futures; ils sont le résultat de l’utilisation de la technologie agricole moderne, d’une extension de l’agriculture dans des secteurs fragiles sur le plan environnemental dans le but d’augmenter la production alimentaire, de la pollution due à l’urbanisation et à l’industrialisation rapide, ou d’une exploitation trop précipitée de l’énergie non renouvelable et d’autres ressources naturelles. Le but de cet essai est d’explorer les liens entre la croissance de la population, le développement agricole et la qualité de l’environnement.

Suggested Citation

  • Nerlove, Marc, 1994. "Le développement de l’agriculture, la croissance de la population et l’environnement," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 70(4), pages 359-382, décembre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:70:y:1994:i:4:p:359-382

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Marc Nerlove & Efraim Sadka, 1991. "Von Thünen's model of the dual economy," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 54(2), pages 97-123, June.
    2. Braverman, Avishay & Stiglitz, Joseph E., 1986. "Landlords, tenants and technological innovations," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 313-332, October.
    3. Nerlove, Marc & Raut, Lakshmi K., 1993. "Growth models with endogenous population: A general framework," Handbook of Population and Family Economics,in: M. R. Rosenzweig & Stark, O. (ed.), Handbook of Population and Family Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 20, pages 1117-1174 Elsevier.
    4. Marc Nerlove, 1974. "Household and Economy: Toward a New Theory of Population and Economic Growth," NBER Chapters,in: Marriage, Family, Human Capital, and Fertility, pages 200-221 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Olmstead, Alan L & Rhode, Paul, 1993. "Induced Innovation in American Agriculture: A Reconsideration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(1), pages 100-118, February.
    6. Peter Timmer, C., 1988. "The agricultural transformation," Handbook of Development Economics,in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 8, pages 275-331 Elsevier.
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