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Les contrats auto-exécutoires et la théorie des institutions du marché du travail

  • MacLeod, W. Bentley

    (Centre de recherche et de développement en économique (C.R.D.E.), Université de Montréal)

In this paper, the theory of self-enforcing contracts developed in MacLeod and Malcomson (1989, 1991) is outlined. It is shown how the existence of incomplete contracts can help us understand why labour markets are not perfectly competitive. In particular, the model of self-enforcing contracts provides some new insights into the existence of dual labour markets in developing countries and inter-industry wage differences. L’étude reprend les éléments essentiels de la théorie des contrats auto-exécutoires (self-enforcing contracts) présentée dans MacLeod et Malcomson (1989, 1991). Nous montrons que l’existence de contrats incomplets peut nous aider à comprendre pourquoi les marchés du travail ne sont pas parfaitement compétitifs. Le modèle des contrats auto-exécutoires permet notamment d’apporter un nouvel éclairage sur la dualité des marchés du travail dans les pays en développement, de même que sur les différences salariales interindustries.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 68 (1992)
Issue (Month): 3 (septembre)
Pages: 433-451

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:68:y:1992:i:3:p:433-451
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  1. Shaban, Radwan Ali, 1987. "Testing between Competing Models of Sharecropping," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(5), pages 893-920, October.
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  14. Coase, R H, 1988. "The Nature of the Firm: Meaning," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 19-32, Spring.
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  17. Raff, Daniel M.G., 1988. "Wage Determination Theory and the Five-Dollar Day at Ford," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 48(02), pages 387-399, June.
  18. Brenner, R., 1990. "The Long Road From Serfdom And How To Shorten It," Cahiers de recherche 9004, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
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