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Salaire minimum, emploi et productivité dans une perspective post-keynésienne

  • Seccareccia, Mario

    (Département de science économique, Université d’Ottawa)

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    The purpose of this article is to provide a post-keynesian analytical framework for evaluating the impact of minimum wages on employment. After describing briefly the post-keynesian macroeconomic theory of the labour market, emphasis is then placed on the critical second-round productivity effects that changes in minimum wages can have on employment. A short empirical assessment of the wage-employment-productivity link, using Canadian observations for the period 1961-88, is undertaken in the concluding section of the article. L’objectif de cet article est de présenter un cadre analytique d’inspiration post-keynésienne pour évaluer l’impact du salaire minimum sur l’emploi. Après un bref aperçu de la théorie macroéconomique post-keynésienne du marché du travail, nous examinons les effets indirects que les changements du salaire minimum peuvent avoir sur l’emploi par l’entremise de leur impact sur la productivité. Dans la conclusion, nous nous penchons brièvement sur le lien empirique salaire-emploi-productivité en utilisant des données canadiennes touchant la période 1961-88.

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    Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

    Volume (Year): 67 (1991)
    Issue (Month): 2 (juin)
    Pages: 166-191

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    Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:67:y:1991:i:2:p:166-191
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    1. Mincer, Jacob, 1976. "Unemployment Effects of Minimum Wages," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(4), pages S87-104, August.
    2. Borooah, V K & Sharpe, D R, 1986. "Aggregate Consumption and the Distribution of Income in the United Kingdom: An Econometric Analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 96(382), pages 449-66, June.
    3. Nickell, Stephen J & Symons, James, 1990. "The Real Wage-Employment Relationship in the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 8(1), pages 1-15, January.
    4. Brown, Charles, 1988. "Minimum Wage Laws: Are They Overrated?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 2(3), pages 133-45, Summer.
    5. Sidney Webb, 1912. "The Economic Theory of a Legal Minimum Wage," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 20, pages 973.
    6. Akerlof, George A, 1982. "Labor Contracts as Partial Gift Exchange," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 97(4), pages 543-69, November.
    7. Linneman, Peter, 1982. "The Economic Impacts of Minimum Wage Laws: A New Look at an Old Question," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(3), pages 443-69, June.
    8. Lewis, W Arthur, 1979. "The Dual Economy Revisited," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 47(3), pages 211-29, September.
    9. Robert Dixon, 1980. "Relative Wages and Employment Theory," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 2(2), pages 181-192, January.
    10. Brown, Charles & Gilroy, Curtis & Kohen, Andrew, 1982. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on Employment and Unemployment," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 20(2), pages 487-528, June.
    11. M. W. Keil & J. S. V. Symons, 1990. "An Analysis of Canadian Unemployment," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 16(1), pages 1-16, March.
    12. A. Asimakopulos, 1975. "A Kaleckian Theory of Income Distribution," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 8(3), pages 313-33, August.
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