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Import Demand, Economic Development and Trade Liberalization in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Muhammad Wasif Siddiqi

    (Visiting Professor, GCU, Lahore, Pakistan)

  • Amjad Ali

    (Ph.D Scholar, National College of Business Administration and Economics (NCBA&E), Lahore, Pakistan)

  • Muhammad Irfan Chani

    (Assistant Professor and HOD Economics, The University of Lahore, Pakpattan, Pakistan)

Abstract

This study empirically investigates the effects of trade liberalization and economic development on income and price elasticities of import demand in Pakistan. The data used for empirical analysis covers the period of 1972 to 2009. Johanson co-integration test is used to confirm the equilibrium relationship among the variables included in the study. The short run dynamics are estimated through Vector Error Correction Mechanism. The results indicate that trade liberalization in Pakistan positively influences income elasticity of import demand. Similarly, price elasticity of import demand in Pakistan is positively related to level of economic development in the country.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Wasif Siddiqi & Amjad Ali & Muhammad Irfan Chani, 2014. "Import Demand, Economic Development and Trade Liberalization in Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 3(2), pages 131-141, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:rfh:bbejor:v:3:y:2014:i:2:p:131-141
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Melo, Oscar & Vogt, Michael G., 1984. "Determinants of the demand for imports of Venezuela," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 351-358, April.
    2. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    3. repec:syd:wpaper:9703 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Johansen, Soren, 1992. "Cointegration in partial systems and the efficiency of single-equation analysis," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 389-402, June.
    5. Amjad Ali & Muhammad Irfan Chani, 2013. "Disaggregated Import Demand Function: A Case Study of Pakistan," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 1(1), pages 1-14, January.
    6. Giovanni Maggi & Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg, 1999. "Protection for Sale: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(5), pages 1135-1155, December.
    7. Boylan, T. A. & Cuddy, M. P., 1987. "Elasticities of import demand and economic development : The Irish Experience," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 301-309, August.
    8. Dilip Dutta & Nasiruddin Ahmed, 1999. "An aggregate import demand function for Bangladesh: a cointegration approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(4), pages 465-472.
    9. Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-1580, November.
    10. Zaidi, S.Akbar, 2005. "Issues in Pakistan's Economy," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, edition 2, number 9780195979145.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad Irfan Chani & Muhammad Azam & Akmal Younas, 2014. "The Causal Relationship between Foreign Direct Investment, Imports and Exports in Pakistan," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 3(3), pages 142-149, September.
    2. Olabisi Olabode Eric, 2015. "Trade Liberalization and Economic Growth in Nigeria: Do Concern Matters?," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 3(6), pages 306-311, June.
    3. Ahmad, Khalil & Ali, Safdar & Ali, Amjad, 2018. "Trade Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization in Pakistan," MPRA Paper 87529, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Sonia Liaqat & Muhammad Irfan Chani, 2018. "The Impact of Exports Diversification on Economic Growth: Evidence from Pakistan," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 7(4), pages 156-168, December.
    5. Zeshan Arshad & Saba Mukhtar & Amina Bibi & Azeema Zia, 2015. "Imports and Exports of Pakistan Time Series (1970-2013)," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 3(10), pages 473-478, October.

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