IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Financing Infrastructure: A Spectrum of Country Approaches


  • Sophia Chong

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)

  • Emily Poole

    (Reserve Bank of Australia)


Over recent decades, there has been a shift away from public infrastructure financing towards private infrastructure financing, particularly in advanced economies. In this article, infrastructure financing in four countries – China, India, Australia and the United Kingdom – is examined to illustrate the different approaches taken by governments to finance infrastructure and encourage private financing. In all four countries, public financing of infrastructure remains significant, ranging from one-third in the United Kingdom to almost all financing in China.

Suggested Citation

  • Sophia Chong & Emily Poole, 2013. "Financing Infrastructure: A Spectrum of Country Approaches," RBA Bulletin (Print copy discontinued), Reserve Bank of Australia, pages 65-76, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:rba:rbabul:sep2013-08

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Raffaele Della Croce, 2012. "Trends in Large Pension Fund Investment in Infrastructure," OECD Working Papers on Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions 29, OECD Publishing.
    2. David Lancaster & Sarah Dowling, 2011. "The Australian Semi-government Bond Market," RBA Bulletin (Print copy discontinued), Reserve Bank of Australia, pages 49-54, September.
    3. repec:wbk:wbpubs:16055 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Chris Chan & Danny Forwood & Heather Roper & Chris Sayers, 2009. "Public Infrastructure Financing: An International Perspective," Staff Working Papers 0902, Productivity Commission, Government of Australia.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Huang, Wei Hong & Chen, Yang & Rudkin, Simon, 2014. "Dynamic Fiscal competition with public infrastructure investment: Austerity and attracting capital inflow," RIEI Working Papers 2014-03, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Research Institute for Economic Integration, revised 02 Mar 2016.
    2. Michael Regan, 2017. "Capital Markets, Infrastructure Investment and Growth in the Asia Pacific Region," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(1), pages 1-28, February.
    3. Flanagan, Kathleen & Martin, Chris & Jacobs, Keith & Lawson, Julie & Hayward, Richard Donald, 2019. "A conceptual analysis of social housing as infrastructure," SocArXiv wmuc4, Center for Open Science.
    4. Emily Poole & Carl Toohey & Peter Harris, 2014. "Public Infrastructure: A Framework for Decision-making," RBA Annual Conference Volume (Discontinued), in: Alexandra Heath & Matthew Read (ed.), Financial Flows and Infrastructure Financing, Reserve Bank of Australia.

    More about this item


    infrastructure; G20; financing; investment; public-private partnerships; PPPs; China; India; United Kingdom; Australia;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rba:rbabul:sep2013-08. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Paula Drew). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.