Il “Manifesto” contro la disoccupazione nell’UE sette anni dopo: quali suggerimenti sono sempre attuali?
The article analyzes retrospectively after seven years the impact that the publication of the "Manifesto against unemployment in the EU" has had on economic policies enabled in the various European countries. On the supply side, it is recognized that many suggestions of the "Manifesto" were put into practice, such as are particularly significant reforms of the labor market recently adopted in Italy, Germany and France. Such reforms have introduced more flexibility in contracts of employment, which has favored the increase in employment and the decline in unemployment in all countries. Not so satisfactory, however, were the results achieved in the policies of aggregate demand management. The restrictive fiscal policies imposed by the requirements of the Maastricht criteria, in fact, has been matched by equally restrictive monetary policy of the ECB, which has made appreciate the euro and made ??European goods less competitive in the international market. Equally disappointing are judged regional development policies, for which we suggest a more appropriate use of the policy of tax incentives to attract new investment in underdeveloped areas.
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