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Inégalité et pauvreté : limites conceptuelles et tendances récentes

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  • Stéfan Lollivier

Abstract

[fre] Les indicateurs d'inégalité utilisés habituellement, et notamment le taux de pauvreté, sont des indicateurs relatifs, qui reflètent la dispersion des revenus. Ils ne peuvent être utilisés comme indicateurs de bien-être qu'au prix d'hypothèses très réductrices, rarement explicitées dans les publications usuelles. Parallèlement, évaluer la situation des individus au vu de leurs seules ressources monétaires est insuffisant. D'autres voies sont envisageables, basées soit sur les conditions de vie, soit sur une approche plus subjective. [eng] Usual indexes of inequality, in particular the poverty ratio, are relative indexes. They reflect the concentration of incomes. They can be used as welfare indexes only under strong assumptions, generally not recalled in usual publications. Moreover, the knowledge of monetary resources is not sufficient to evaluate individual situations. Other approaches can be developed based either on living conditions or more subjective items.

Suggested Citation

  • Stéfan Lollivier, 2001. "Inégalité et pauvreté : limites conceptuelles et tendances récentes," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 15(3), pages 119-139.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_2001_num_15_3_1498
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.2001.1498
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    1. Tam, Mo-Yin S & Zhang, Renze, 1996. "Ranking Income Distributions: The Tradeoff between Efficiency and Equality," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 63(250), pages 239-252, May.
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