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Integration and Industrial Specialisation in the European Union

Author

Listed:
  • Karen Helen Midelfart-Knarvik
  • Henry G. Overman
  • Stephen Redding
  • Anthony J. Venables

Abstract

[fre] Integration et specialisation des industries dans l'Union Européenne. . Cet article analyse la structure industrielle de l'Union européenne. Nos résultats montrent que, depuis 1980, les structures industrielles des pays membres de l'UE sont devenues de plus en plus dissemblables. Les résultats détaillés au niveau de chaque secteur sont plus variés. Certains secteurs se sont concentrés géographiquement alors que d'autres ont connu un phénomène de dispersion. L'analyse économétrique des déterminants de ces évolutions révèle que les avantages comparatifs et les forces liées à l'accès aux marchés constituent deux sources impor­tantes de ces changements. Une comparaison avec les États-Unis montre néanmoins que l'industrie européenne reste moins concentrée que l'industrie américaine, suggérant qu'il reste certainement un certain chemin à faire en termes d'intégration avant que le processus en cours ne s'achève. [eng] Integration and Industrial Specialisation in the European Union. . This paper analyses the indusirial structure of the European Union. Our results show that from 1980 onwards, the industrial structures of EU economies have become increasingly dissimilar. In contrast, results for individual industries are more varied. Some industries have become more concentrated, while others have dispersed. Regression results suggest that both comparative advantage and economic geography forces are driving these changes. Despite these findings, a comparison with the US shows that EU industry remains less concentrated suggesting that there may be someway to go before the relocation process reaches its limit.

Suggested Citation

  • Karen Helen Midelfart-Knarvik & Henry G. Overman & Stephen Redding & Anthony J. Venables, 2002. "Integration and Industrial Specialisation in the European Union," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(3), pages 469-481.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410418
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    Cited by:

    1. Beyer, Jürgen, 2006. "Verfestigte institutionelle Vielfalt? Die komparativen Vorteile koordinierter Ökonomien und die Internationalisierung von Unternehmen," MPIfG Working Paper 06/8, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    2. Nuno CRESPO & Maria Paula FONTOURA, 2010. "Does the location of manufacturing determine service sectors’ location choices? Evidence from Portugal," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 10(1).
    3. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Overman, Henry G., 2004. "The spatial distribution of economic activities in the European Union," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics,in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 64, pages 2845-2909 Elsevier.
    4. Lafourcade, Miren & Mion, Giordano, 2007. "Concentration, agglomeration and the size of plants," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 46-68, January.
    5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1859 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Rikard Forslid & Toshihiro Okubo, 2015. "Which Firms Are Left In The Periphery? Spatial Sorting Of Heterogeneous Firms With Scale Economies In Transportation," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 51-65, January.
    7. Eleonora Cutrini, 2005. "The Balassa Index meets the Theil Index - a Decomposition Methodology for Location Studies," ERSA conference papers ersa05p123, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Sébastien Dupuch & Hugues Jennequin & El Mouhoub Mouhoud, 2004. "EU enlargement: what does it change for the European economic geography?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 91(5), pages 241-274.
    9. Joeri Gorter & Albert van der Horst & S. Brakman & H.F.L. Garretsen & M. Schram, 2005. "New economic geography, empirics, and regional policy," CPB Special Publication 56, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    10. Alain GAUGRIS & El Mouhoub MOUHOUD, 2013. "International Specialization In Services: Insights From A New Theoretical Taxonomy," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 37, pages 197-230.
    11. Leonardo Monasterio & Eustáquio Reis, 2008. "Mudanças na Concentração Espacial das Ocupações nas Atividades Manufatureiras no Brasil – 1872-1920," Discussion Papers 1361, Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA.
    12. Natércia Godinho Mira, 2008. "Indústria transformadora portuguesa: especialização das regiões e/ou concentração geográfica de indústrias?," CEFAGE-UE Working Papers 2008_13, University of Evora, CEFAGE-UE (Portugal).
    13. Balogun, Emmanuel Dele, 2007. "Exchange rate policy and export performance of WAMZ countries," MPRA Paper 6233, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. CRESPO, Nuno & FONTOURA, Maria Paula, 2013. "Regional Integration And Internal Economic Geography - An Empirical Evaluation With Portuguese Data," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 13(2), pages 99-116.
    15. Dieter F. Kogler & Jürgen Essletzbichler & David L. Rigby, 2017. "The evolution of specialization in the EU15 knowledge space," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(2), pages 345-373.
    16. Natalia Vechiu & Farid Makhlouf, 2014. "Economic integration and specialization in production in the EU27: does FDI influence countries’ specialization?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 46(2), pages 543-572, March.
    17. Maria Florencia Granato, 2011. "REGIONAL NEW ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY (refereed paper)," ERSA conference papers ersa10p747, European Regional Science Association.
    18. Miren Lafourcade & Giordano Mion, 2005. "Concentration, agglomeration and the size of plants," Working Papers halshs-00590572, HAL.
    19. Dominique Namur, 2007. "Localisation industrielle et structure du capital international," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 90(4), pages 23-34.
    20. François Benaroya & Édouard Bourcieu & Marie-Laure Cheval, 2003. "Mondialisation des grands groupes : de nouveaux indicateurs ; suivi d'un commentaire de Marie-Laure Cheval," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 363(1), pages 145-166.
    21. Nuno Crespo & Maria Paula Fontoura, 2008. "Regional Integration and International Economic Geography in the Portuguese Case - an update," Working Papers Department of Economics 2008/51, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
    22. Balogun, Emmanuel Dele, 2007. "Effects of exchange rate policy on bilateral export trade of WAMZ countries," MPRA Paper 6234, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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