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Integration and Industrial Specialisation in the European Union

Listed author(s):
  • Karen Helen Midelfart-Knarvik
  • Henry G. Overman
  • Stephen Redding
  • Anthony J. Venables

[fre] Integration et specialisation des industries dans l'Union Européenne Cet article analyse la structure industrielle de l'Union européenne. Nos résultats montrent que, depuis 1980, les structures industrielles des pays membres de l'UE sont devenues de plus en plus dissemblables. Les résultats détaillés au niveau de chaque secteur sont plus variés. Certains secteurs se sont concentrés géographiquement alors que d'autres ont connu un phénomène de dispersion. L'analyse économétrique des déterminants de ces évolutions révèle que les avantages comparatifs et les forces liées à l'accès aux marchés constituent deux sources impor­tantes de ces changements. Une comparaison avec les États-Unis montre néanmoins que l'industrie européenne reste moins concentrée que l'industrie américaine, suggérant qu'il reste certainement un certain chemin à faire en termes d'intégration avant que le processus en cours ne s'achève. [eng] Integration and Industrial Specialisation in the European Union This paper analyses the indusirial structure of the European Union. Our results show that from 1980 onwards, the industrial structures of EU economies have become increasingly dissimilar. In contrast, results for individual industries are more varied. Some industries have become more concentrated, while others have dispersed. Regression results suggest that both comparative advantage and economic geography forces are driving these changes. Despite these findings, a comparison with the US shows that EU industry remains less concentrated suggesting that there may be someway to go before the relocation process reaches its limit.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 469-481

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410418
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