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Efficience et prise de risque dans les banques en France

  • Michel Dietsch
  • Claude Jessua

[fre] Cet article présente des estimations des inefficiences-X et des inefficiences d'échelle dans les banques et caisses d'épargne en France durant la période 1988-1992. Utilisant la méthode d'estimation « à distribution libre », on montre que l'efficience-X moyenne est de l'ordre de 70 à 80 %. Les résultats montrent aussi l'existence d'économies d'échelle dans l'industrie bancaire française. Ces résultats sont en conformité avec l'hypothèse de surcapacité dans l'industrie ban­caire en France. Enfin, une relation positive est démontrée entre inefficiences-X et prise de risque. [eng] The paper presents estimates of X-Efficiencies and Scale-Efficiencies in the French banking industry for the 1988-1992 period. By using the « distribution free » method of efficiency estimation, we show that average X-efficiencies are in the range of 70 % to 80 %. These results show also the existence of scale econo­mies in French banking industry. These results are also in conformity with the hypothesis that some excess capacity could exist in French banking industry. Finally, a positive relationship between cost-inefficiency and risk-taking is verified.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/reco.1996.409812
Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/reco_0035-2764_1996_num_47_3_409812
Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 47 (1996)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 745-754

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1996_num_47_3_409812
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1996.409812
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/reco

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  1. Allen N. Berger & David B. Humphrey, 1990. "The dominance of inefficiencies over scale and product mix economies in banking," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 107, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Schmidt, Peter & Sickles, Robin C, 1984. "Production Frontiers and Panel Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 367-74, October.
  3. Michel Dietsch, 1993. "Economies of scale and scope in French commercial banking industry," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 35-50, June.
  4. Fried, Harold O. & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Shelton S. (ed.), 1993. "The Measurement of Productive Efficiency: Techniques and Applications," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195072181, December.
  5. Berger, Allen N. & Hancock, Diana & Humphrey, David B., 1993. "Bank efficiency derived from the profit function," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(2-3), pages 317-347, April.
  6. Ferrier, Gary D. & Lovell, C. A. Knox, 1990. "Measuring cost efficiency in banking : Econometric and linear programming evidence," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 229-245.
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