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L'extension de la retraite : quelques approches explicatives

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  • Didier Blanchet
  • Cécile Brousse

Abstract

[fre] L'extension de la retraite. Quelques approches explicatives. . Les perspectives comme les mesures récemment prises en matière de retraite suggèrent qu'elle devrait débuter de plus en plus tard, avec des prestations relatives revues à la baisse. Mais l'évolution enregistrée, à ce jour, a plutôt été en sens inverse : tendance à la retraite précoce, croissance du niveau de vie des retraités. Cette note examine quelques facteurs explicatifs d'une telle évolution, soit du côté « offre de travail » (arbitrage revenu/loisirs, notamment du point de vue de l'électeur médian), soit du côté « demande » (effets des contrats salariaux implicites, problèmes de productivité relative des travailleurs âgés). [eng] The expansion of pension systems : some explanatory factors . . Perspectives concerning the future of pension Systems generally suggest the necessity of a rising retirement age, and a likely decline in the relative level of pensions. Yet observed trends, up to now, generally ran in the other direction : tendency toward earlier withdrawal from the labour force, increases in the relative standard of living for pensioners. This note tries to examine some explanatory factors behind these evolutions, either on the supply side of the labour market (income/leasure tradeoff, and specifically from the point of view of the median voter), either on the demand side (consequences of implicit salarial contracts between workers and firms, problems of relative productivity for older workers).

Suggested Citation

  • Didier Blanchet & Cécile Brousse, 1994. "L'extension de la retraite : quelques approches explicatives," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 775-788.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1994_num_45_3_409568
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1994.409568
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Barr, Nicholas, 1992. "Economic theory and the welfare state : a survey and interpretation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 279, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Samuel Preston, 1984. "Children and the elderly: Divergent paths for America’s dependents," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 21(4), pages 435-457, November.
    3. Lazear, Edward P, 1979. "Why Is There Mandatory Retirement?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1261-1284, December.
    4. Boadway, Robin W & Wildasin, David E, 1989. "A Median Voter Model of Social Security," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 30(2), pages 307-328, May.
    5. Hansson, Ingemar & Stuart, Charles, 1989. "Social Security as Trade among Living Generations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 1182-1195, December.
    6. Vincent P. Crawford & David M. Lilien, 1981. "Social Security and the Retirement Decision," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 96(3), pages 505-529.
    7. Browning, Edgar K, 1975. "Why the Social Insurance Budget Is Too Large in a Democracy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 13(3), pages 373-388, September.
    8. Edward P. Lazear, 1990. "Adjusting to an Aging Labor Force," NBER Chapters,in: Issues in the Economics of Aging, pages 287-316 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Alan L. Gustman & Olivia S. Mitchell & Thomas L. Steinmeier, 1993. "The Role of Pensions in the Labor Market," NBER Working Papers 4295, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Barr, Nicholas, 1992. "Economic Theory and the Welfare State: A Survey and Interpretation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(2), pages 741-803, June.
    11. Hutchens, Robert M, 1989. "Seniority, Wages and Productivity: A Turbulent Decade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(4), pages 49-64, Fall.
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    Cited by:

    1. Olivier Charlot, 2005. "Éducation, emploi et participation au marché du travail dans un modèle d'appariement," Recherches économiques de Louvain, De Boeck Université, vol. 71(1), pages 35-66.
    2. Arnaud Lechevalier, 1999. "La réforme des retraites publiques en Allemagne [Quelques enseignements des débats sur le modèle assurance du revenu salarial ]," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 68(1), pages 83-125.
    3. Arnaud Lechevalier, 2007. "Reform der Alterssicherung in Europa : gibt es einen französischen Weg ? (La réforme des retraites en Europe : y a-t-il une voie française ?)," Post-Print halshs-00175084, HAL.

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