L'extension de la retraite : quelques approches explicatives
[fre] L'extension de la retraite. Quelques approches explicatives Les perspectives comme les mesures récemment prises en matière de retraite suggèrent qu'elle devrait débuter de plus en plus tard, avec des prestations relatives revues à la baisse. Mais l'évolution enregistrée, à ce jour, a plutôt été en sens inverse : tendance à la retraite précoce, croissance du niveau de vie des retraités. Cette note examine quelques facteurs explicatifs d'une telle évolution, soit du côté « offre de travail » (arbitrage revenu/loisirs, notamment du point de vue de l'électeur médian), soit du côté « demande » (effets des contrats salariaux implicites, problèmes de productivité relative des travailleurs âgés). [eng] The expansion of pension systems : some explanatory factors Perspectives concerning the future of pension Systems generally suggest the necessity of a rising retirement age, and a likely decline in the relative level of pensions. Yet observed trends, up to now, generally ran in the other direction : tendency toward earlier withdrawal from the labour force, increases in the relative standard of living for pensioners. This note tries to examine some explanatory factors behind these evolutions, either on the supply side of the labour market (income/leasure tradeoff, and specifically from the point of view of the median voter), either on the demand side (consequences of implicit salarial contracts between workers and firms, problems of relative productivity for older workers).
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Volume (Year): 45 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
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