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L'extension de la retraite : quelques approches explicatives

  • Didier Blanchet
  • Cécile Brousse

[fre] L'extension de la retraite. Quelques approches explicatives Les perspectives comme les mesures récemment prises en matière de retraite suggèrent qu'elle devrait débuter de plus en plus tard, avec des prestations relatives revues à la baisse. Mais l'évolution enregistrée, à ce jour, a plutôt été en sens inverse : tendance à la retraite précoce, croissance du niveau de vie des retraités. Cette note examine quelques facteurs explicatifs d'une telle évolution, soit du côté « offre de travail » (arbitrage revenu/loisirs, notamment du point de vue de l'électeur médian), soit du côté « demande » (effets des contrats salariaux implicites, problèmes de productivité relative des travailleurs âgés). [eng] The expansion of pension systems : some explanatory factors Perspectives concerning the future of pension Systems generally suggest the necessity of a rising retirement age, and a likely decline in the relative level of pensions. Yet observed trends, up to now, generally ran in the other direction : tendency toward earlier withdrawal from the labour force, increases in the relative standard of living for pensioners. This note tries to examine some explanatory factors behind these evolutions, either on the supply side of the labour market (income/leasure tradeoff, and specifically from the point of view of the median voter), either on the demand side (consequences of implicit salarial contracts between workers and firms, problems of relative productivity for older workers).

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 45 (1994)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 775-788

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1994_num_45_3_409568
Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1994.409568
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  1. Browning, Edgar K, 1975. "Why the Social Insurance Budget Is Too Large in a Democracy," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 13(3), pages 373-88, September.
  2. Hutchens, Robert M, 1989. "Seniority, Wages and Productivity: A Turbulent Decade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(4), pages 49-64, Fall.
  3. Boadway, R.W. & Wildasin, D.E., 1987. "A median voter model of social security," CORE Discussion Papers 1987014, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Nicholas Barr, 1992. "Economic theory and the welfare state : a survey and interpretation," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 279, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  5. Gustman, A.L. & Mitchell, O.S. & Steinmeier, T.L., 1993. "The Role of Pensions in the Labor Market," Papers 93-07, Cornell - Center for Advanced Human Resource Studies.
  6. Edward P. Lazear, 1988. "Adjusting to an Aging Labor Force," NBER Working Papers 2802, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Samuel Preston, 1984. "Children and the elderly: Divergent paths for America’s dependents," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 21(4), pages 435-457, November.
  8. Hansson, Ingemar & Stuart, Charles, 1989. "Social Security as Trade among Living Generations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 1182-95, December.
  9. Lazear, Edward P, 1979. "Why Is There Mandatory Retirement?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1261-84, December.
  10. Barr, Nicholas, 1992. "Economic Theory and the Welfare State: A Survey and Interpretation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 30(2), pages 741-803, June.
  11. Vincent P. Crawford & David M. Lilien, 1981. "Social Security and the Retirement Decision," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 96(3), pages 505-529.
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