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L'utilisation des modèles d'équilibre général calculables dans l'évaluation de la politique fiscale

  • Pierre-Yves Letournel
  • Katheline Schubert
  • Philippe Trainar

[fre] L'utilisationdes modèles d'équilibre général calculables dans l'évaluationde la politique fiscale L'objet de cet article est l'examen de la pertinence et de l'utilité de l'emploi des modèles d'équilibre général calculables pour éclairer l'impact des mesures fiscales. Depuis la fin des années soixante-dix, l'utilisation des modèles dans l'aide à la décision publique est devenue marginale. Nous tentons de montrer que le rôle joué autrefois par les modèles macro-économétriques keynésiens peut être, sous de nombreuses réserves et sans exclusive vis-à-vis de ces derniers, partiellement rempli par les modèles d'équilibre général. Nous détaillons les caractéristiques des modèles récents ainsi que leurs limites, puis présentons, à titre d'illustration, quelques enseignements que l'on peut tirer de ces modèles. [eng] Computable general equilibrium models and the evaluation of tax policy The paper analyzes the usefulness and the accuracy of CGEM as an evaluation device of tax policy. Since the end of the seventies, macroeconomic models are less and less used in the public decision process. The paper shows that, under serious requirements, CGEM can parually substitute for macro keynesian models. The basic feature of recent CGEM models are described, as well as their limits. Their properties are illustrated on selected examples in the field of tax policy.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 43 (1992)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 709-724

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1992_num_43_4_409387
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