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Multifonctionnalité et coopération multilatérale Une analyse du coût de fourniture de biens publics par l'agriculture

Author

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  • Tristan Le Cotty
  • Anthony Aumand
  • Tancrêde Voituriez

Abstract

[fre] L'orientation des réformes multilatérales des politiques agricoles est guidée par la volonté de réduire les impacts de ces politiques sur les marchés mondiaux, en évitant un soutien spécifique aux productions agricoles, y compris les productions multifonctionnelles. Cette orientation répond en partie aux exigences de la coopération commerciale, mais peut éloigner les politiques de leur optimum national. Nous montrons qu'il peut être moins coûteux de fournir certains biens publics par l'activité agricole plutôt que par un secteur non agricole. Un soutien spécifique au secteur multifonctionnel d'un grand pays importateur peut ainsi engendrer un gain domestique, qui peut être comparé à la perte induite pour les pays tiers par ce soutien. Un mécanisme de compensation des pays tiers est proposé lorsque les gains domestiques excèdent les coûts externes. [eng] Multifunctionality and multilateral co-operation a cost analysis of a public good supply by agriculture - The multilateral reform of agricultural policies mainly addresses the price effects of domestic policies on international markets, aiming to diminish specific supports to agricultural productions, including multifunctional productions. This type of coordination can decrease the efficiency of domestic policies in providing the optimal level of national public goods when the agricultural sector is the most competitive fora certain level of public good supply. A reason for this is the economies of scope between agricultural commodities and public goods. A specific support to a multifunctional sector can then lead to a domestic gain which can be compared with the loss in third countries. A mechanism designed to compensate the foreign loss caused by domestic subsidies of large countries is proposed in cases where domestic gains exceed foreign losses

Suggested Citation

  • Tristan Le Cotty & Anthony Aumand & Tancrêde Voituriez, 2003. "Multifonctionnalité et coopération multilatérale Une analyse du coût de fourniture de biens publics par l'agriculture," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 273(1), pages 91-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_273_1_5391
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5391
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Krutilla, Kerry, 1991. "Environmental regulation in an open economy," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 127-142, March.
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    5. Markusen, James R. & Melvin, James R. & Maskus, Keith E. & Kaempfer, William, 1995. "International trade: theory and evidence," MPRA Paper 21989, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Arild Vatn, 2002. "Multifunctional agriculture: some consequences for international trade regimes," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 29(3), pages 309-327, July.
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