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Trajectoire de contestabilité sociale et production d'OGM à usage agricole


  • Thierry Hommel
  • Olivier Godard


[eng] This article develops an interpretation of voluntary early action of firms in regard to potential collective risks affecting health and the environment. The paper explores what happened to agricultural GMOs industry in France since the early nineties. Empirical observations are interpreted on the basis of the model of proactive Management ofcontes- tability, which explores the economic conditions under which an anticipated threat of social protest, although just potential, can discipline firm's behaviour effectively. The situation of the GMO's pro- ductors in 2001 is interpreted as a result of partial and unsuccessful attempts to settle such a management of contestability. [fre] Cet article propose une analyse des événements observés en France depuis 1990 dans le secteur de la production d'OGM destinés à l'agriculture. Cette étude s'appuie sur une grille d'analyse issue du modèle de la gestion anticipative de la contestabilité des positions économiques. Ce modèle explore les conditions dans lesquelles l'anticipation d'une me nace potentielle de contestation sociale peut exercer une discipline effective sur le comportement d'une firme en matière de pratiques environnementales et sanitaires. La situation des opérateurs du secteur, en 2001, est interprétée comme le résultat de tentatives partielles et inabouties de gestion de la contestabilité.

Suggested Citation

  • Thierry Hommel & Olivier Godard, 2002. "Trajectoire de contestabilité sociale et production d'OGM à usage agricole," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 270(1), pages 36-49.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2002_num_270_1_5325
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2002.5325

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Baumol, William J, 1982. "Contestable Markets: An Uprising in the Theory of Industry Structure," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 1-15, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Patricia Crifo & Vanina Forget, 2013. "La responsabilité sociale et environnementale des entreprises : mirage ou virage ?," Working Papers hal-00830642, HAL.
    2. Patricia Crifo & Vanina D. Forget, 2015. "The Economics Of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Firm-Level Perspective Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(1), pages 112-130, February.
    3. Olivier GODARD, 2004. "Autour Des Conflits A Dimension Environnement Ale. Evaluation Economique Et Coordination Dans Un Monde Complexe," Cahiers d’économie politique / Papers in Political Economy, L'Harmattan, issue 47, pages 127-153.
    4. Patricia Crifo & Vanina Forget, 2012. "The Economics of Corporate Social Responsibility: A Survey," Working Papers hal-00720640, HAL.
    5. Patricia Crifo & Vanina D. Forget, 2014. "Pourquoi s’engager volontairement dans la transition énergétique ? Enseignements de la littérature sur la responsabilité sociale et environnementale des entreprises," Revue d'économie industrielle, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(4), pages 349-381.

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