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Le RMI treize ans après : entre redistribution et incitations

Author

Listed:
  • Denis Fougère
  • Laurence Rioux

Abstract

[fre] Le revenu minimum d'insertion (RMI) a treize ans (1). À l'origine, ce dispositif devait répondre à au moins deux objectifs. Le texte de loi qui l'instaurait était, à cet égard, sans ambiguïté : « Toute personne dont les ressources n'atteignent pas le montant du revenu minimum, qui est âgée d'au moins vingt-cinq ans ou qui assume la charge d'enfants, et qui s'engage à participer aux actions définies avec elle, nécessaires à son insertion sociale ou professionnelle a droit au RMI » (loi du 1er décembre 1988). L'objectif premier du RMI était donc de réduire la pauvreté par le versement d'une prestation monétaire sous condition de ressources ; en parallèle, il s'agissait aussi de fournir une aide à l'insertion sociale ou professionnelle. Par la suite, et sous l'effet de la récession économique du début des années 90, le RMI a servi également à pallier les insuffisances du système d'indemnisation du chômage.

Suggested Citation

  • Denis Fougère & Laurence Rioux, 2001. "Le RMI treize ans après : entre redistribution et incitations," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 346(1), pages 3-12.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_2001_num_346_1_7435
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lucie Gilbert & Thierry Kamionka & Guy Lacroix, 2001. "Les effets des dispositifs publics d'insertion en emploi destinés aux jeunes hommes défavorisés au Québec," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 345(1), pages 55-94.
    2. Richard Blundell & Hilary W. Hoynes, 2004. "Has 'In-Work' Benefit Reform Helped the Labor Market?," NBER Chapters, in: Seeking a Premier Economy: The Economic Effects of British Economic Reforms, 1980-2000, pages 411-460, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Matthieu Chemin & Etienne Wasmer, 2012. "Ex-ante and ex-post evaluation of the 1989 French welfare reform using a natural experiment : the 1908 social laws in Alsace-Moselle," Sciences Po publications 3, Sciences Po.
    2. Gurgand, Marc & Margolis, David N., 2008. "Does work pay in France? Monetary incentives, hours constraints, and the guaranteed minimum income," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(7), pages 1669-1697, July.
    3. Marc Gurgand & David Margolis, 2008. "Does Work Pay in France? Monetary Incentives, Hours Constraints and the Guaranteed Minimum Income," Post-Print halshs-00202299, HAL.

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