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La localisation à l'étranger des entreprises multinationales. Une approche d'économie géographique hiérarchisée appliquée aux entreprise japonaises en Europe

Listed author(s):
  • Thierry Mayer
  • Jean-Louis Mucchielli

[ger] Ansiedlung multinationaler Unternehmen im Ausland Anwendung eines hierarchischen geographisch-okonomischen Ansatzes auf japanische Unternehmen in Europa Die Wahl des Standortes eines multinationalen UnternehmenskannalsAbfolgemehrerer geographischer Entscheidungen angesehen werden, bei : denen sich das Unternehmen zunâchst ein Land und danach eine Region innerhalb dieses Landes auswâhlt. Diese Abfolge von Entscheidungen wird durch die Analyse : des Verhaltens japanischer Unternehmen in Europa-: bestàtigt. Berucksichtigt wird hierbei die geographische Struktur der Wahl, wobei zwischen den Determinanten der nationalen Wahl und denjenigen der infranationalen Wahl unterschieden wird.'. Die multinationalen Unternehmen neigen dazu, sich in den gleichen Làndern und Regionen wie ihrer Konkurrenten niederzulassen. Eine Tendenz, die auf = regionaler Ebene noch starker als auf nationaler Ebene ausgepràgt ist. Relevanter ware somit die Analyse der Agglomerationseffekte auf einer unteren geographischen Ebene. Der EinfluB der Arbeitskosten auf die Wahl des Standortes ist auf regionaler Ebene entscheidender. Ferner spielt der Lohnwettbewerb zwischen den =Regionen innerhalb der Lander eine grôBere Rolle als zwischen Regionen verschiedener Lander.: [eng] Locating Multinational Corporations Abroad A graded geographic economic approach applied to Japanese firms in Europe Multinational corporations' location decisions could be described as a sequence of geographic choices whereby the firm chooses first a country and then a region in the ; chosen country. This sequence of choices is confirmed by an analysis of the behaviour of Japanese firms in Europe. The geographic structure of the choice is studied by separating out the country selection determinants from the in-country selection determinants. Multinational corporations tend to locate in the same : countries and regions as their competitors. This trend is stronger regionally than nationally. An analysis of agglomeration effects would therefore be more relevant to a "detailed" geographic scale. Labour costs have a greater influence on location decisions at regional level. Moreover, wage competition between regions plays a greater role within the countries than between regions of different countries. [fre] La localisation à l'étranger des entreprises multinationales Une approche d'économie géographique hiérarchisée appliquée aux entreprises japonaises en Europe La décision de localisation d'une entreprise multinationale peut être décrite comme une séquence de choix géographiques dans laquelle l'entreprise choisit d'abord un pays puis une région à l'intérieur de ce pays. Cette séquence de choix est confirmée par l'analyse du comportement des entreprises japonaises en Europe. La structure géographique du choix est prise en compte en séparant les déterminants du choix national et ceux du choix infra-national. Les entreprises multinationales ont tendance à se localiser dans les mêmes pays et dans les mêmes régions que leurs concurrentes. Cette tendance est plus forte à l'échelon régional qu'à l'échelon national. L'analyse des effets d'agglomération serait donc plus pertinente à une échelle géographique « fine ». L'influence des coûts du travail sur la décision de localisation est plus marquée au niveau régional. De plus, la concurrence entre les régions sur le plan des' salaires joue plus à l'intérieur des pays qu'entre régions de pays différents. [spa] La localizaciôn en el extranjero de las empresas multinacionales. Un enfoque de economia geogrâfica jerarquizada aplicado a las empresas japonesas en Europa La decision de localizaciôn de una empresa multinacional puede describirse como una secuencia de decisiones . geogrâficas en la que la empresa escoge primero un paîs , y luego una region dentro de ese paîs. Esta secuencia de decisiones se confirma por el anâlisis de los comportamientos de las empresas japonesas en Europa. La estructura geogrâfica de la decision se toma en cuenta al separar los déterminantes de la elecciôn nacional y los de la elecciôn infranacional. Las empresas multinacionales tienden a ubicarse en los mismos paîses y en las mismas regiones que sus competidoras. Esta tendencia es mayor a un nivel regional que a un nivel nacional. El anâlisis de los efectos de aglomeraciôn serfa entonces mâs pertinente a una escala geogrâfica « fina ». La influencia de los costes laborales sobre la decision de ubicaciôn es mayor al nivel regional. Ademâs, la competencia entre las regiones en cuanto a ; salarios tiene mayor protagonismo dentro de los paîses , que entre unas regiones de paises diferentes.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

Volume (Year): 326 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 159-176

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1999_num_326_1_6231
Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1999.6231
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Head, Keith & Ries, John & Swenson, Deborah, 1995. "Agglomeration benefits and location choice: Evidence from Japanese manufacturing investments in the United States," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 223-247, May.
  2. McFadden, Daniel L., 1984. "Econometric analysis of qualitative response models," Handbook of Econometrics,in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 24, pages 1395-1457 Elsevier.
  3. Devereux, Michael P. & Griffith, Rachel, 1998. "Taxes and the location of production: evidence from a panel of US multinationals," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 335-367, June.
  4. DeCoster Gregory P. & Strange William C., 1993. "Spurious Agglomeration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 273-304, May.
  5. Head, Keith & Ries, John, 1996. "Inter-City Competition for Foreign Investment: Static and Dynamic Effects of China's Incentive Areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 38-60, July.
  6. Hines, James R, Jr, 1996. "Altered States: Taxes and the Location of Foreign Direct Investment in America," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1076-1094, December.
  7. Hansen, Eric R., 1987. "Industrial location choice in Sao Paulo, Brazil : A nested logit model," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 89-108, February.
  8. Head, C. Keith & Ries, John C. & Swenson, Deborah L., 1999. "Attracting foreign manufacturing: Investment promotion and agglomeration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 197-218, March.
  9. Wheeler, David & Mody, Ashoka, 1992. "International investment location decisions : The case of U.S. firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1-2), pages 57-76, August.
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