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La localisation à l'étranger des entreprises multinationales. Une approche d'économie géographique hiérarchisée appliquée aux entreprise japonaises en Europe

Author

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  • Thierry Mayer
  • Jean-Louis Mucchielli

Abstract

[ger] Ansiedlung multinationaler Unternehmen im Ausland Anwendung eines hierarchischen geographisch-okonomischen Ansatzes auf japanische Unternehmen in Europa Die Wahl des Standortes eines multinationalen UnternehmenskannalsAbfolgemehrerer geographischer Entscheidungen angesehen werden, bei : denen sich das Unternehmen zunâchst ein Land und danach eine Region innerhalb dieses Landes auswâhlt. Diese Abfolge von Entscheidungen wird durch die Analyse : des Verhaltens japanischer Unternehmen in Europa-: bestàtigt. Berucksichtigt wird hierbei die geographische Struktur der Wahl, wobei zwischen den Determinanten der nationalen Wahl und denjenigen der infranationalen Wahl unterschieden wird.'. Die multinationalen Unternehmen neigen dazu, sich in den gleichen Làndern und Regionen wie ihrer Konkurrenten niederzulassen. Eine Tendenz, die auf = regionaler Ebene noch starker als auf nationaler Ebene ausgepràgt ist. Relevanter ware somit die Analyse der Agglomerationseffekte auf einer unteren geographischen Ebene. Der EinfluB der Arbeitskosten auf die Wahl des Standortes ist auf regionaler Ebene entscheidender. Ferner spielt der Lohnwettbewerb zwischen den =Regionen innerhalb der Lander eine grôBere Rolle als zwischen Regionen verschiedener Lander.: [eng] Locating Multinational Corporations Abroad A graded geographic economic approach applied to Japanese firms in Europe Multinational corporations' location decisions could be described as a sequence of geographic choices whereby the firm chooses first a country and then a region in the ; chosen country. This sequence of choices is confirmed by an analysis of the behaviour of Japanese firms in Europe. The geographic structure of the choice is studied by separating out the country selection determinants from the in-country selection determinants. Multinational corporations tend to locate in the same : countries and regions as their competitors. This trend is stronger regionally than nationally. An analysis of agglomeration effects would therefore be more relevant to a "detailed" geographic scale. Labour costs have a greater influence on location decisions at regional level. Moreover, wage competition between regions plays a greater role within the countries than between regions of different countries. [fre] La localisation à l'étranger des entreprises multinationales Une approche d'économie géographique hiérarchisée appliquée aux entreprises japonaises en Europe La décision de localisation d'une entreprise multinationale peut être décrite comme une séquence de choix géographiques dans laquelle l'entreprise choisit d'abord un pays puis une région à l'intérieur de ce pays. Cette séquence de choix est confirmée par l'analyse du comportement des entreprises japonaises en Europe. La structure géographique du choix est prise en compte en séparant les déterminants du choix national et ceux du choix infra-national. Les entreprises multinationales ont tendance à se localiser dans les mêmes pays et dans les mêmes régions que leurs concurrentes. Cette tendance est plus forte à l'échelon régional qu'à l'échelon national. L'analyse des effets d'agglomération serait donc plus pertinente à une échelle géographique « fine ». L'influence des coûts du travail sur la décision de localisation est plus marquée au niveau régional. De plus, la concurrence entre les régions sur le plan des' salaires joue plus à l'intérieur des pays qu'entre régions de pays différents. [spa] La localizaciôn en el extranjero de las empresas multinacionales. Un enfoque de economia geogrâfica jerarquizada aplicado a las empresas japonesas en Europa La decision de localizaciôn de una empresa multinacional puede describirse como una secuencia de decisiones . geogrâficas en la que la empresa escoge primero un paîs , y luego una region dentro de ese paîs. Esta secuencia de decisiones se confirma por el anâlisis de los comportamientos de las empresas japonesas en Europa. La estructura geogrâfica de la decision se toma en cuenta al separar los déterminantes de la elecciôn nacional y los de la elecciôn infranacional. Las empresas multinacionales tienden a ubicarse en los mismos paîses y en las mismas regiones que sus competidoras. Esta tendencia es mayor a un nivel regional que a un nivel nacional. El anâlisis de los efectos de aglomeraciôn serfa entonces mâs pertinente a una escala geogrâfica « fina ». La influencia de los costes laborales sobre la decision de ubicaciôn es mayor al nivel regional. Ademâs, la competencia entre las regiones en cuanto a ; salarios tiene mayor protagonismo dentro de los paîses , que entre unas regiones de paises diferentes.

Suggested Citation

  • Thierry Mayer & Jean-Louis Mucchielli, 1999. "La localisation à l'étranger des entreprises multinationales. Une approche d'économie géographique hiérarchisée appliquée aux entreprise japonaises en Europe," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 326(1), pages 159-176.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1999_num_326_1_6231
    DOI: 10.3406/estat.1999.6231
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1999.6231
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Head, Keith & Ries, John & Swenson, Deborah, 1995. "Agglomeration benefits and location choice: Evidence from Japanese manufacturing investments in the United States," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(3-4), pages 223-247, May.
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    3. Devereux, Michael P. & Griffith, Rachel, 1998. "Taxes and the location of production: evidence from a panel of US multinationals," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 335-367, June.
    4. DeCoster Gregory P. & Strange William C., 1993. "Spurious Agglomeration," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 273-304, May.
    5. Head, Keith & Ries, John, 1996. "Inter-City Competition for Foreign Investment: Static and Dynamic Effects of China's Incentive Areas," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 38-60, July.
    6. Hansen, Eric R., 1987. "Industrial location choice in Sao Paulo, Brazil : A nested logit model," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 89-108, February.
    7. Hines, James R, Jr, 1996. "Altered States: Taxes and the Location of Foreign Direct Investment in America," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1076-1094, December.
    8. Head, C. Keith & Ries, John C. & Swenson, Deborah L., 1999. "Attracting foreign manufacturing: Investment promotion and agglomeration," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 197-218, March.
    9. Wheeler, David & Mody, Ashoka, 1992. "International investment location decisions : The case of U.S. firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(1-2), pages 57-76, August.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Crozet, Matthieu & Mayer, Thierry & Mucchielli, Jean-Louis, 2004. "How do firms agglomerate? A study of FDI in France," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 27-54, January.
    2. Disdier, Anne-Celia & Mayer, Thierry, 2004. "How different is Eastern Europe? Structure and determinants of location choices by French firms in Eastern and Western Europe," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 280-296, June.
    3. Gross, Dominique M. & Raff, Horst & Ryan, Michael, 2005. "Inter- and intra-sectoral linkages in foreign direct investment: evidence from Japanese investment in Europe," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 110-134, March.
    4. Jean-Louis Mucchielli & Florence Puech, 2003. "Internationalisation et localisation des firmes multinationales : l'exemple des entreprises françaises en Europe," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 363(1), pages 129-144.
    5. Riccardo Crescenzi & Carlo Pietrobelli & Roberta Rabellotti, 2014. "Innovation drivers, value chains and the geography of multinational corporations in Europe," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 14(6), pages 1053-1086.
    6. Fabrice Rochelandet & Silvio H. T. Tai, 2016. "Do privacy laws affect the location decisions of internet firms? Evidence for privacy havens," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 339-368, October.
    7. Marie-Line Duboz & Nathalie Kroichvili & Julie Le Gallo, 2019. "What matters most for FDI attraction in services: country or region performance? An empirical analysis of EU for 1997–2012," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 63(3), pages 601-638, December.
    8. Agnès Bénassy-Quéré & Lionel Fontagné & Amina Lahrèche-Revil, 2000. "Foreign Direct Investment and the Prospects for Tax Co-Ordination in Europe," Working Papers 2000-06, CEPII research center.
    9. Keramidas Olivier & Ekaterina Le Pennec & Sarah Serval, 2016. "Caractériser l'attractivité d'un territoire, une approche par les ressources : Le cas de 5 EMN européennes nouvellement implantées dans la région de Kalouga en Russie," Post-Print hal-01615457, HAL.
    10. Nelly Exbrayat, 2008. "The Impact of Trade Integration and Agglomeration Economies on Tax Interactions : Evidence from OECD Countries," Post-Print hal-00270067, HAL.

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