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Účinnost rodinné politiky v České republice
[Effectiveness of Family Policy in the Czech Republic]


  • Lucie Kábelová
  • Markéta Arltová


The objective of this study is to estimate effects of tax family benefits, social family benefits, availability of kindergartens and economic situation on fertility in the Czech Republic. The data cover the period 1993-2018 and come from the Czech Statistical Office and Czech legislation. The relationship between the variables and the total fertility rate as the dependent variable was analysed using regression analysis. The results show that fertility is positively affected by the supply of kindergartens and social family benefits. On the other hand, higher unemployment as an indicator of unfavourable economic situation decreases fertility. The effect of tax benefits was not statistically significant, which is not surprising, because tax family benefits are much lower in comparison with social family benefits. The model is limited by the number of variables and the number of observations; therefore, the model results should be taken as signals, not as definite answers.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucie Kábelová & Markéta Arltová, 2020. "Účinnost rodinné politiky v České republice [Effectiveness of Family Policy in the Czech Republic]," Politická ekonomie, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2020(6), pages 679-694.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpol:v:2020:y:2020:i:6:id:1299:p:679-694
    DOI: 10.18267/j.polek.1299

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Holger Stichnoth & Raphael Abiry & Karsten Reuss, 2015. "Completed fertility effects of family policy measures: evidence from a life-cycle model," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 35(3), pages 1726-1733.
    2. Azmat, Ghazala & González, Libertad, 2010. "Targeting fertility and female participation through the income tax," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 487-502, June.
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    More about this item


    tax policy; social policy; family policy; fertility; Czech Republic; ADL model; EC model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • D69 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Other
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth


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