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Restructuring of manufacturing industry in the central and east european countries


  • Peter Havlik


This paper analyses various aspects of industrial restructuring across all ten Central and East European (CEE) candidate countries for EU membership during the last decade and provides also some comparisons with current EU Member States. The impressive structural adjustments that have taken place in CEE industries since the beginning of transition brought the structure of manufacturing industry in the majority of CEE candidate countries fairly close to the European pattern both in terms of production and employment. Technology-driven industries account for a growing share of exports in nearly all candidate countries, while labour-intensive industries have growing export shares only in less advanced candidates such as Bulgaria, Romania and in the Baltic states. The initial export specialization pattern of the more advanced CEE candidate countries has thus nearly completely reversed; a remarkable upgrading towards more sophisticated and less capital-intensive industries has occurred.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Havlik, 2003. "Restructuring of manufacturing industry in the central and east european countries," Prague Economic Papers, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2003(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpep:v:2003:y:2003:i:1:id:204

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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Havlik, 2007. "Structural Change and Trade Integration on EU-NIS Borders," FIW Working Paper series 003, FIW.
    2. repec:got:cegedp:63 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Gundel, Sebastian, 2007. "Declining export prices due to increased competition from NIC: Evidence from Germany and the CEEC," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 63, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    4. Peter Havlik & Gabor Hunya & Yury Zaytsev, 2018. "Foreign Direct Investments: A Comparison of EAEU, DCFTA and Selected EU-CEE Countries," wiiw Research Reports 428, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    5. Peter Havlik, 2015. "Patterns of Structural Change in the New EU Member States," DANUBE: Law and Economics Review, European Association Comenius - EACO, issue 3, pages 133-157, September.
    6. Sandrine Levasseur, 2006. "Convergence and FDI in an enlarged EU: what can we learn from the experience of cohesion countries for the CEECS?," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2006-12, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    7. Alena Zemplinerova, 2010. "Competition policy and economic analysis: What can we learn from firm and industry data?," CERGE-EI Books, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague, edition 1, number b07, November.
    8. Peter Havlik, 2005. "Structural Change, Productivity and Employment in the New EU Member States," wiiw Research Reports 313, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.

    More about this item


    foreign direct investment; EU candidate countries; industrial restructuring; trade specialization; integration;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L6 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies


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