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Patterns of Structural Change in the New EU Member States

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  • Peter Havlik

Abstract

Summary This paper analyses the extent and impact of structural changes on aggregate economic growth that occurred in European economies during the past two decades, focusing on the new EU Member States of Central and Eastern Europe. After presenting some stylised facts related to employment and output restructuring, we use a conventional shift and share analysis in order to evaluate the impact of broader sectoral shifts on GDP growth, focusing on the period 1995-2011. A decomposition of aggregate GDP/GVA growth using the shift and share analysis shows a distinct North-South pattern of growth and restructuring while the previous NMS-OMS divisions are becoming less relevant. In the North, manufacturing and trade have fuelled growth whereas in the South there has been much less structural change. Apart from these differences, our results partly differ from earlier findings of similar analyses for the NMS. Finally, we analyse differentiated impacts of the recent (2008-2011) crisis on structural changes in Europe and find interesting similarities between (groups of) NMS and OMS in terms of both growth patterns and responses to the crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Havlik, 2014. "Patterns of Structural Change in the New EU Member States," wiiw Research Reports 394, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  • Handle: RePEc:wii:rpaper:rr:394
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Hui Zheng & Xiaodong Liu & Yajun Xu & Hairong Mu, 2021. "Economic Spillover Effects of Industrial Structure Upgrading in China’s Coastal Economic Rims," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(7), pages 1-14, March.
    2. Nebojsa Stojcic & Zoran Aralica, 2017. "Choosing Right from Wrong: Industrial Policy and (De)industrialization in Central and Eastern Europe," Working Papers 1703, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb.
    3. awel Dobrzanski & Sebastian Bobowski, 2021. "Structural and Productivity Changes in the European Countries During COVID-19 Pandemic," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(Special 3), pages 872-882.
    4. Peter Havlik, 2015. "Patterns of Structural Change in the New EU Member States," DANUBE: Law and Economics Review, European Association Comenius - EACO, issue 3, pages 133-157, September.
    5. Peter Howard-Jones & Jens Hölscher & Dragana Radicic, 2017. "Firm Productivity In The Western Balkans: The Impact Of European Union Membership And Access To Finance," Economic Annals, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Belgrade, vol. 62(215), pages 7-52, October –.
    6. Kónya, István & Krekó, Judit & Oblath, Gábor, 2020. "Labor shares in the old and new EU member states - Sectoral effects and the role of relative prices," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 254-272.
    7. Tévécia Ronzon & Susanne Iost & George Philippidis, 2022. "Has the European Union entered a bioeconomy transition? Combining an output-based approach with a shift-share analysis," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 24(6), pages 8195-8217, June.
    8. Ines Kersan-Skabic, 2017. "Trade in Value Added (TiVA) in EU New Member States (EU NMS)," Croatian Economic Survey, The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, vol. 19(2), pages 105-133, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic restructuring; growth; output; employment; crisis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • F63 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Economic Development

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