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Enhancing Vocational Training for Economic Growth in Pakistan


  • Usman Mustafa

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Kalbe Abbas

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)

  • Amara Saeed

    (Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, Islamabad.)


Training and skills development play vital role in development. The demand for vocationally trained and technically educated human resource rises with every step towards industrialisation and modernisation of production units and work premises. Therefore, skill and capital are complementary. The paper specifically reviews and analyses the status of vocational training related policies and practices and their impact on the development of human resource in Pakistan. The study revealed that there is a time lag of 3 to 10 years to harness the benefits of training. Therefore, government should plan accordingly. It also explores that there exists a wide gap between demand and supply of effective manpower and lack of coordination amongst government and private agencies. There is a need to update and revise the existing curriculums, enhance of the status of the teachers, and strengthen the Institutions. Pakistan has favourable demographic transition trend, therefore, there is a need to exploit it properly. Public and private sectors should pursue demand based policies that promote growth in Human Resource Development.

Suggested Citation

  • Usman Mustafa & Kalbe Abbas & Amara Saeed, 2005. "Enhancing Vocational Training for Economic Growth in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 44(4), pages 567-584.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:44:y:2005:i:4:p:567-584

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Shankar, Raja & Shah, Anwar, 2001. "Bridging the economic divide within nations : a scorecard on the performance of regional development policies in reducing regional income disparities," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2717, The World Bank.
    2. David O’Connor & Maria Rosa Lunati, 1999. "Economic Opening and the Demand for Skills in Developing Countries: A Review of Theory and Evidence," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 149, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. T. Vinayagathasan & S. Vijesandiran, 2015. "Dynamic Relationship between Human Capital and Economic Growth in Sri Lanka: A Co-Integration Analysis," Growth, Asian Online Journal Publishing Group, vol. 2(2), pages 20-29.

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