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Interaction between population and Enviromental Degradation


  • Mohsin Hasnain Ahmad

    (Applied Economics Research centre (AERC), University of Karachi, Karachi.)

  • Usman Azhar

    (Faculty of Management Sciences, Balochistan University of Information Technology, Quetta.)

  • Syed Ashraf Wasti

    (Applied Economics Research centre (AERC), University of Karachi, Karachi.)

  • Zeeshan Inam

    (University of Karachi, Karachi.)


The present study investigates the long-run interrelationship among the demographic variables and environmental indicators by using the Johansen-Juselius cointegration technique and error correction model to determine the short-run dynamics of the system related to time series data for Pakistan economy, over the period 1972–2001. The paper finds the existence of a cointegrating vector, indicating a valid long-run relationship among the variables. Moreover, demographic variables have a significant effect in the short-run on AL but their short-run coefficients have an insignificant impact on CO2 emission. The empirical evidence clearly support that high population growth rates have a deleterious impact on environment. The policy implication thereof is to enhance the need of lowering population in Pakistan which seems to be a burden on the existing resources and a challenge to the environment.

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  • Mohsin Hasnain Ahmad & Usman Azhar & Syed Ashraf Wasti & Zeeshan Inam, 2005. "Interaction between population and Enviromental Degradation," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 44(4), pages 1135-1150.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:44:y:2005:i:4:p:1135-1150

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. World Bank, 2003. "World Development Indicators 2003," World Bank Publications - Books, The World Bank Group, number 13920, December.
    2. Trainer, F. E., 1990. "Environmental significance of development theory," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(4), pages 277-286, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Faqeer Muhammad & Rehmat Karim & Khair Muhammad & Amna Asghar, 2020. "Population Density, CO2 Emission and Energy Consumption in Pakistan: A Multivariate Analysis," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(6), pages 250-255.

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