Do Private Schools Produce More Productive Workers?
Education has positive links with economic development as it raises the productivity of the work force. Beside private rates of returns, the social returns of education are also high. Because of the gains to society, education is subsidised in many countries. Pakistan, where only 2.5 percent of the GDP is spent on education, provides subsidised education in the form of a public school system.1 Government pays for the major expenditures such as construction of infrastructure for education and salaries to the teaching and related staff. Household cost is kept low to attract more people to send their children to schools. Therefore only a nominal tuition fee is being charged for attending these schools. From the social point of view these schools are doing a good job in achieving the goal of universal education. But quality of education is a serious problem with this school system. In the majority of the cases, these are crowded with students and most of the time without adequate number of teaching staff.2 The standards set for the employment of teaching staff are not properly observed in the presence of a low literacy in the country.
Volume (Year): 38 (1999)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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- Shahrukh Rafi Khan & Mohammad Irfan, 1985. "Rates of Returns to Education and the Determinants of Earnings in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 24(3-4), pages 671-683.
- Nadeem Ul Haque, 1977. "An Economic Analysis of Personal Earnings in Rawalpindi City," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 16(4), pages 353-382.
- Khalil A. Hamdani, 1977. "Education and the Income Differential. An Estimation for Rawalpindi City," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 16(2), pages 144-164.
- Arrow, Kenneth J., 1973. "Higher education as a filter," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 193-216, July.
- Tayyeb Shabbir, 1991. "Sheepskin Effects in the Returns to Education in a Developing Country," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 30(1), pages 1-19.
- Zafar Mueen Nasir, 2000. "Earnings Differential between Public and Private Sectors in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 39(2), pages 111-130.
- Tayyeb Shabbir, 1994. "Mincerian Earnings Function for Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 33(1), pages 1-18.
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