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Hedonic Cost Models and the Pricing of Milk Components


  • Steven Buccola
  • Yoko Iizuka


To assess likely producer response to milk price reform, we examine the technology of protein, butterfat, and fluid carrier production on 1,924 U.S. dairy farms. A variant of a hedonic cost model is proposed in which the output aggregator is expressed as a function of total output and of the percentage concentrations of its components. Dairy farmers have responded rationally to artificially low protein prices. Due to the cow's appetite limit, farmers operate in stage I of feed-to-milk production functions; yet protein's marginal cost rises sharply with protein output. Only modest substitutability is evident among feed inputs or milk component outputs. Copyright 1997, Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Steven Buccola & Yoko Iizuka, 1997. "Hedonic Cost Models and the Pricing of Milk Components," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(2), pages 452-462.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:ajagec:v:79:y:1997:i:2:p:452-462

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    Cited by:

    1. Angelo Zago, 2005. "Tecnhnology estimation for quality pricing in supply-chain relationships," Working Papers 27/2005, University of Verona, Department of Economics.
    2. Chavas, Jean-Paul & Kim, Kwansoo, 2001. "Hedonic Pricing of Components and Cointegration Relationships: A Dynamic Analysis of Dairy Product Prices," Working Papers 201572, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Food System Research Group.
    3. Wilson, Norbert, 2014. "When Higher Quality Does Not Translate to Higher Prices: A Case of Quality and Specialty Coffees from the Cup of Excellence Auctions," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 170701, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. Lambert, David K., 2008. "The expected utility of genetic information in beef cattle production," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 44-52, December.
    5. Tellioglu, Isin & Bailey, Kenneth W. & Blandford, David, 2007. "Implicit Tariffs on Imported Dairy Product Components in the United States," Estey Centre Journal of International Law and Trade Policy, Estey Centre for Law and Economics in International Trade, vol. 8(1).
    6. Maynard, Leigh J. & Stoeppel, Kelly M., 2007. "Hedonic Price Analysis of Thoroughbred Broodmares in Foal," Journal of Agribusiness, Agricultural Economics Association of Georgia, vol. 25(2).
    7. Jean-Paul Chavas & Kwansoo Kim, 2005. "Cointegration relationships and hedonic pricing of differentiated commodities: an application to price dynamics in the US dairy sector," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(16), pages 1813-1827.
    8. Michael T. Carroll & James L. Anderson & Josué Martínez-Garmendia, 2001. "Pricing U.S. North Atlantic bluefin tuna and implications for management," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(2), pages 243-254.
    9. Adam P. Wilson & Norbert L.W. Wilson, 2014. "The economics of quality in the specialty coffee industry: insights from the Cup of Excellence auction programs," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(S1), pages 91-105, November.
    10. Eilson, Norbert L.W., 2015. "When Higher Quality Does Not Translate to Higher Prices: A Case of Quality and Specialty Coffees from the Cup of Excellence Auctions," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211898, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    11. Barnes, Kenneth R. & Franken, Jason R. & Wolfskill, L.A. & Nair, Shyam S. & Mills, Foy D. Jr. & Ullrich, Doug R., 2016. "White-tailed Deer Semen Auction Data: A Hedonic Analysis," 2016 Annual Meeting, February 6-9, 2016, San Antonio, Texas 230022, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    12. Kolodinsky, Jane, 2008. "Affect or information? Labeling policy and consumer valuation of rBST free and organic characteristics of milk," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(6), pages 616-623, December.
    13. Adekunle Van Wie, Omotoyosi & Saghaian, Sayed & Stowe, Christina & Markus,Lang, 2013. "A hedonic price analysis of internet auctions for the BLM's wild horses and Burros," 2014 Annual Meeting, February 1-4, 2014, Dallas, Texas 162469, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

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