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The OeNB’s reaction to the end of the Bretton Woods system: tracing the roots of the Indicator

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  • Stefan W. Schmitz

    (Oesterreichische Nationalbank)

Abstract

In response to the end of the Bretton Woods system, the Oesterreichische Nationalbank(OeNB) aimed at keeping the value of the Austrian schilling stable vis-à-vis the currencies of the country’s main trading partners. The OeNB’s solution for achieving this objective was to introduce an internal target for the exchange rate between the Austrian schilling and the U.S.dollar (USD) based on a method called the Indicator. This paper investigates the origins of this Indicator. It finds that it was an ad hoc innovation developed by the OeNB during the days before August 25, 1971, in response to political opposition to its initial plans to revalue the Austrian schilling in line with the Deutsche mark and the Swiss franc only. The Indicator enabled the central bank to channel the political opposition into a technical debate and to make some concessions on details such as the composition of the currency basket. At the same time, it helped manufacture consent regarding the cornerstones of the new strategy, namely the stability of exchange rates vis-à-vis the main trading partners and a managed float vis-à-vis the U.S. dollar. The OeNB thereby preserved the traditional consensus in Austrian Exchange rate policy, despite the fundamental shift from the traditional export-oriented to a stability-oriented exchange rate policy which took place in the early 1970s.

Suggested Citation

  • Stefan W. Schmitz, 2016. "The OeNB’s reaction to the end of the Bretton Woods system: tracing the roots of the Indicator," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 190-210.
  • Handle: RePEc:onb:oenbmp:y:2016:i:3:b:9
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Straumann,Tobias, 2014. "Fixed Ideas of Money," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107616370, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Beer & Ernest Gnan & Maria Teresa Valderrama, 2016. "A (not so brief ) history of inflation in Austria," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 6-32.
    2. Heinz Handler, 2016. "Two centuries of currency policy in Austria," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 3, pages 61-76.
    3. Michaela Posch & Stefan W. Schmitz & Katharina Steiner & Eva Ubl, 2019. "The case for macroprudential policy as a stabilizing tool for the euro area," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue Q1-Q2/19, pages 124-138.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Austrian economic history; monetary and exchange rate policy; Bretton Woods; currency baskets;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General
    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative

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