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Does migration lead to economic convergence in an enlarged European market?

  • Joanna Wolszczak-Derlacz

    ()

    (Gdansk University of Technology, Poland)

This paper examines the relationship between migration and convergence for the enlarged internal market of the European Union (EU27) for the period 1990–2007. The impact of migration on growth is estimated in two ways: by including the migration rate in a growth regression and examining its impact on the convergence coefficient; and from the actual coefficient on migration, which can be interpreted as the effect of migration on long-term growth. While the first approach gives results in favour of the importance of migration on convergence even when human capital is controlled for, the results of the latter are not statistically significant.

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File URL: http://www.bankikredyt.nbp.pl/content/2009/04/bik_04_2009_04_art.pdf
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Article provided by National Bank of Poland, Economic Institute in its journal Bank i Kredyt.

Volume (Year): 40 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 71-87

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Handle: RePEc:nbp:nbpbik:v:40:y:2009:i:4:p:71-87
Note: I would like to thank two anonymous referees for valuable advice and suggestions. This paper has benefited from comments by participants of the Conference “Migration, Labour Market and Economic Growth in Europe after Enlargement”, organised by the National Bank of Poland on 8–9 December 2008.
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  1. Gernot Doppelhofer & Ronald I. Miller & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2000. "Determinants of Long-Term Growth: A Bayesian Averaging of Classical Estimates (Bace) Approach," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 266, OECD Publishing.
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  5. Card, David, 2004. "Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?," IZA Discussion Papers 1119, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  9. Kemnitz, Alexander, 2001. "Endogenous growth and the gains from immigration," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 215-218, August.
  10. Stein �stbye & Olle Westerlund, 2007. "Is Migration Important for Regional Convergence? Comparative Evidence for Norwegian and Swedish Counties, 1980-2000," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(7), pages 901-915.
  11. Kevin H. O'Rourke, 2003. "The Era of Free Migration: Lessons for Today," Trinity Economics Papers 200315, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  12. Michel Beine & Fréderic Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2008. "Brain Drain and Human Capital Formation in Developing Countries: Winners and Losers," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 118(528), pages 631-652, 04.
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  14. Hatton, Timothy J. & Williamson, Jeffrey G, 2006. "What Determines Immigrations' Impact? Comparing Two Global Centuries," CEPR Discussion Papers 5885, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Sirin Saracoglu & Murat G. Kirdar, 2006. "Does Internal Migration Lead to Faster Regional Convergence in Turkey? an Empirical Investigation," ERSA conference papers ersa06p784, European Regional Science Association.
  16. Mideksa, Torben, 2007. "Endogenous Growth And Gains From Skilled Immigration," MPRA Paper 2167, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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